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Yield and quality of early potato dependingTI on agricultural practices and argoecological condicions

dc.contributor.advisorIlin, Žarko
dc.contributor.advisorPejić, Borivoj
dc.contributor.otherCrnobarac, Jovan
dc.contributor.otherŽnidarčić, Dragan
dc.contributor.otherBroćić, Zoran
dc.creatorVujasinović, Vuk
dc.date.accessioned2017-10-30T14:40:01Z
dc.date.available2017-10-30T14:40:01Z
dc.date.available2020-07-03T13:32:12Z
dc.date.issued2016-09-23
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.cris.uns.ac.rs/DownloadFileServlet/Disertacija146536427068740.pdf?controlNumber=(BISIS)101166&fileName=146536427068740.pdf&id=5938&source=NaRDuS&language=srsr
dc.identifier.urihttp://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/handle/123456789/8749
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.cris.uns.ac.rs/record.jsf?recordId=101166&source=NaRDuS&language=srsr
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.cris.uns.ac.rs/DownloadFileServlet/IzvestajKomisije14653642707150.pdf?controlNumber=(BISIS)101166&fileName=14653642707150.pdf&id=5939&source=NaRDuS&language=srsr
dc.description.abstractProizvodnja mladog krompira u Srbiji je značajna zbog obezbeđenja ove izuzetno cenjene i delikatesne namirnice u periodu od aprila do juna kada je u ponudi na tržištu malo drugog svežeg povrća. Osim toga cena mladog krompira je uglavnom visoka, pa je značaj i po osnovu profitabilnosti ove kulture velik. U periodu 2004-2006. godine ispitivan je efekat malčovanja polietilenskom folijom i neposrednog pokrivanja biljaka sa i bez noseće konstrukcije, kao i kombinacija ovih specifičnih agrotehničkih mera na ranostasnost, prinos i komponente prinosa i kvalitet mladog krompira kod ranih sorti Cleopatra i Riviera. U cilju rešavanja postavljenog zadatka sprovedeno je istraživanje, na lokalitetu južno bačkog okruga (Begeč), postavljen je dvofaktorijalni ogled po split plot planu u pet ponavljanja. Ispitivane agrotehničke mere i njihove kombinacije značajno su uticale na ranostasnost i prinos mladog krompira. Formiranje tržišnih krtola (krtole veće od 28 mm) bilo je za 10-15 dana ranije u odnosu na kontrolnu (nepokrivenu) varijantu. Najveći prinos u trogodišnjem istraživanju postignut je na varijanti agrotekstil+niski tunel (40,07 t/ha). U odnosu na kontrolnu varijantu, prinos je bio veći za 19% (u prvoj godini za 22%, drugoj za 16%, dok je u trećoj godini prinos bio veći za 18%). Najveći broj krtola mladog krompira, u trogodišnjem istraživanju, ostvaren je na kontrolnoj varijanti (9,43), stim što je udeo tržišnih krtola (krtole veće od 28 mm) na kontroli iznosio 89% naspram 95% ostvaren na pokrivenim varijantama. Riviera je ostvarila veći broj krtola po biljci u odnosu na Cleopatru. Ispitivane agrotehničke mere uticale su na povećanje mase krtola po biljci. Najveća masa krtola po biljci u trogodišnjem ogledu ostvaren je na tretmanima agrotekstil+niski tunel (853,17 g) i malčovanje+agrotekstil+niski tunel (850,17 g), dok je najmanja masa zabeležena na kontrolnoj varijanti (640 g). Sorta Riviera je ostvarila značajno veću masu krtola u odnosu na Cleopatru. Ispitivani tretmani su ostvarili veću prosečnu masu jedne krtole za 52% u odnosu na kontrolnu varijantu. Ispitivani tretmani značajno su uticali i na kvalitet mladog krompira; odnosno na povećanje sadržaja suve materije, skroba, vitamina C, celuloze i pepela u krtolama, a na smanjenje sadržaja šećera i nitrata.sr
dc.description.abstractProduction of early potato in Republic of Serbia is important because it provides this highly valued delicates food during the period from April to June, when there is low offer of other fresh vegetables on the market. Besides, price of early potato is usually high so it is important as profitable crop. During the period 2004-2006 effect of mulching with polyethylene foil and direct coverage of plants with agrotextile and low tunnel, as well as combinations of these specific agricultural measures on earliness, yield and yield components and quality of two early potato varieties Cleopatra and Riviera was examined. In order to achieve given objective research was conducted at the site in South Bačka District (Begeč), it set up the two-factorial experiment at split plot plan in five replications. The tested of agricultural measures and their combinations significantly influenced earliness and yield of early potato. The forming of market tubers (tubers larger than 28 mm) was 10-15 days earlier than on the control variant (bare soil and uncover plants). The highest yield of the three-year study has been made on the variant combination of agrotextile and low tunnel (40,07 t/ha). Compared to the control variant, the yield was increased by 19% (in the first year increase of 22%, second year increase was 16%, while in the third year yield increase was 18%). The largest number of tubers of early potatoes, in three-year study, has been on the control variant (9,43), but the share of market tubers (tubers larger than 28 mm) on the control variant was 89% versus 95% achieved in covered variants. Variety Riviera has achieved greater number of tubers per plant compared to variety Cleopatra. The tested agricultural measures affected mass increase of tubers per plant. The maximum weight of tubers per plant in the three-year experiment was realized in the treatment combination of agrotextile and low tunnel (853,17 g) and combination of mulching, agrotextile and low tunnel (850,17 g), while the lowest mass was recorded in the control variant (640 g). Variety Riviera has achieved significantly higher tuber weight relative to Cleopatra. The tested treatments have also achieved a higher average weight of a tuber of 52% compared to the control variant. The tested treatments significantly influenced quality of early potato; i.e. the increase the content of dry matter, starch, vitamin C, cellulose and ash in the tubers and on reduction of sugar and nitrate content.en
dc.languagesr (latin script)
dc.publisherУниверзитет у Новом Саду, Пољопривредни факултетsr
dc.rightsopenAccessen
dc.sourceУниверзитет у Новом Садуsr
dc.subjectmladi krompirsr
dc.subjectearly potatoen
dc.subjectmalčovanjesr
dc.subjectagrotekstilsr
dc.subjectniski tunelsr
dc.subjectprinossr
dc.subjectkvalitetsr
dc.subjectmulchingen
dc.subjectagrotextileen
dc.subjectSKW low tunnelen
dc.subjectyielden
dc.subjectqualityen
dc.titlePrinos i kvalitet mladog krompira u zavisnosti od agrotehničkih mera i agroekoloških uslova proizvodnjesr
dc.title.alternativeYield and quality of early potato dependingTI on agricultural practices and argoecological condicionsen
dc.typedoctoralThesisen
dc.rights.licenseBY-NC-SA
dcterms.abstractИлин, Жарко; Пејић, Боривој; Броћић, Зоран; Црнобарац, Јован; Жнидарчић, Драган; Вујасиновић, Вук; Принос и квалитет младог кромпира у зависности од агротехничких мера и агроеколошких услова производње; Принос и квалитет младог кромпира у зависности од агротехничких мера и агроеколошких услова производње;
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/bitstream/id/35764/IzvestajKomisije13404.pdf
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/bitstream/id/35763/Disertacija13404.pdf


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