Političke prilike i srpski narod u Vardarskoj Makedoniji (1903-1912)
Committee membersMladenović, Božica
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Vardar Macedonia (South Old Serbia and Macedonia) represented one of the most sensitive points of the Balkan Peninsula for centuries. Located at the crossroads of civilizations, in places which guarantee the control of important communication lines in Southeast Europe, it was a testing ground for the implementation of various state-administrative systems and the reason for the confrontation of many nations from ancient times to the modern period. The subject of this study is the political condition on the territory of South Old Serbia and Macedonia from 1903 to 1912, during the last years of Ottoman rule in the Central and Southern Balkans. The primary aim of the thesis was an attempt to use published and unpublished archival material, as well as relevant literature, in order to analyze all social factors whose effects conditioned and dictated political and security situation in the territory of southeastern part of Kosovo, north-eastern parts of the Bitola Vilayet and ...northern part of the Salonica Vilayet. Another important task was to show a more detailed sequence of events that led to the collapse of the Ottoman occupation order on the Balkan Peninsula. The engagement of Serbian and Bulgarian national movement in Macedonia, with the consideration of all aspects of their operations, was specially emphasized. We analyzed ecclesiastical and educational struggle embodied in the functioning of exarchate and Serbian ecclesiastical school municipalities, the formation and operation of the first revolutionary committees, current outbreak of the Ilinden Uprising, awakening of Serbian Chetnik action, attitude of most influential European states towards Macedonia and reform action of the great powers, division and ideological divisions in the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization, dismantling of the old Turkish order and the arrival of the Young Turks to power, transformation of illegal armed actions in the legal political struggle of Christians in the Ottoman empire, as well as the conditions that led to the outbreak of the First Balkan War. Attention was paid to the reaction of the Turkish authorities and the Albanian factor regarding legal and illegal political actions of the Orthodox element aimed at the liberation of the Old South Serbia and Macedonia. The research has shown that, in reports of domestic and foreign diplomats, the mentioned area was the territory of a high security risk during the first decade of the XX century. A number of armed incidents caused by the policy of Bulgarianization of the proexarchate committees, Albanian depredations, unsuccessful reform processes of the great powers, violent Islamization, after the revolution of the Young Turks, and Ottomanization of Christian subjects in the empire, contributed to the definitive collapse of the Turkish state system. Chronic unrest and political crisis, as well as the danger of biological disappearance of the remaining Serbs and Orthodox elements in the Ottoman Empire were the catalyst for the beginning of the last phase of the liberation embodied in the creation of a military-political alliance of the Balkan countries and their direct war against Turkey. In accordance with standard research methods and principles of historical science, the solution of the set tasks was reached by the analysis, selection and processing of previously collected archival documents, a large number of published collections of historical sources, memoirs, literature and scientific papers published in numerous national and international journals and conference proceedings. The dissertation is designed to contain, apart from the introduction and conclusion, four thematic units chronologically divided into several subsections. The last pages contain annexes and the list of sources used and literature.