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Relationships between the stress-process and testanxiety – distortions in memory for emotionsfrom past stressful transactions

dc.contributor.advisorMihić, Ljiljana
dc.contributor.otherJaničić, Bojan
dc.contributor.otherPetrović, Vesna
dc.contributor.otherAltaras, Ana
dc.contributor.otherMihić, Ljiljana
dc.creatorGenc, Ana
dc.date.accessioned2017-05-31T12:22:58Z
dc.date.available2017-05-31T12:22:58Z
dc.date.available2020-07-03T14:23:06Z
dc.date.issued2014-12-25
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.cris.uns.ac.rs/DownloadFileServlet/Disertacija141318305998947.pdf?controlNumber=(BISIS)90694&fileName=141318305998947.pdf&id=2848&source=NaRDuS&language=srsr
dc.identifier.urihttp://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/handle/123456789/8127
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.cris.uns.ac.rs/record.jsf?recordId=90694&source=NaRDuS&language=srsr
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.cris.uns.ac.rs/DownloadFileServlet/IzvestajKomisije141318317646784.pdf?controlNumber=(BISIS)90694&fileName=141318317646784.pdf&id=2849&source=NaRDuS&language=srsr
dc.description.abstractDisertacija je usmerena na dva glavna istraživačka pitanja: na ispitivanje složenih međuodnosa varijabli relevantnih za fenomen stres-procesa u kontekstu ispitne anksioznosti i na istraživanje grešaka u sećanjima na emocije, misli i ponašanja iz konkretne prošle stresne transakcije. Teorijsku bazu rada predstavlja u ovoj studiji revidirana verzija modela Tejlora i Aspinvala (The Taylor and Aspinwall Model, 1996), koji podrazumeva sveobuhvatan i savremen konceptualni okvir za razumevanje komponenti generičkog pojma stresa i njihovih međusobnih relacija. Ovde validirani model obuhvata četiri grupe promenljivih: a) stresor (ispitna anksioznost), b) suočavanje sa stresom (tri kategorije mehanizama prevladavanja: suočavanje usmereno na zadatak, suočavanje usmereno na emocije i izbegavanje), c) karakteristike ličnosti (optimizam i generalna samoefikasnost kao internalni resursi za suočavanje sa stresom, i dve stabilne osobine ličnosti, relevantne za domen akademskog života: perfekcionizam i neuroticizam), i d) izlazne varijable stresprocesa (uspeh postignut na kolokvijumu i emocionalno stanje studenata neposredno nakon ispitne situacije). Istraživanje je sprovedeno na prigodnom uzorku od ukupno 263 studenata, koji pohađaju studije psihologije i germanistike na Filozofskom fakultetu u Novom Sadu. Nacrt istraživanja koncipiran je na način, koji je omogućio prikupljanje podataka u dva distinktivna vremena merenja: neposredno pre i odmah nakon polaganja kolokvijuma, te mesec dana posle ove ispitne situacije. Ispitivanje prostora varijabli stres-procesa obavljeno je primenom sledećih mernih instrumenata: upitnik za procenu ispitne anksioznosti (TAI), inventar za registrovanje načina suočavanja sa kognitivnim zadacima (CITS), upitnik za merenje perfekcionizma (APS-R), skala dispozicionog optimizma (LOT-R), skala generalne samoefikasnosti (GSE), subskala neuroticizma iz „Big Five” inventara ličnosti i upitnik za procenu pozitivnog i negativnog afektiviteta (SIAB-PANAS). Dobijeni rezultati, koji su proizišli iz razmatranja prve grupe istraživačkih pitanja, sugerišu da mehanizmi suočavanja usmereni na emocije predstavljaju statistički značajne medijatore relacija, koje postoje između visine izraženosti ispitne anksioznosti, s jedne strane, i uspeha na kolokvijumu i emocionalnog stanja ispitanika neposredno nakon ispitne situacije, s druge strane. Nadalje, u radu su detaljno prikazani i prodiskutovani specifični uslovi, pod kojima određeni nivo razvijenosti ispitivanih moderator varijabli (optimizam, generalna samoefikasnost, neuroticizam i tri podvrste perfekcionizma) značajno menja sledeće relacije: a) ispitna anksioznost – izbor strategija za suočavanje, b) primenjeni mehanizmi prevladavanja – ishodi ispitivane stresne transakcije i c) direktna veza između stresora i izlaznih varijabli. Prilikom ispitivanja memorijskih distorzija, ustanovljeno je da su studenti generalno skloni naknadnom potcenjivanju jačine sopstvene ispitne anksioznosti, koja je postojala u realnoj situaciji polaganja kolokvijuma, kao i precenjivanju pozitivnih ishodnih emocija. Nalazi takođe sugerišu da osobina neuroticizma i uspeh postignut na testu znanja nisu u značajnoj meri delovali na greške u sećanju na osećanja iz prošle stresne transakcije. Na posletku, utvrđeno je da su ispitanici relativno tačno evocirali sećanja na primenjene strategije suočavanja, koje spadaju u kategorije prevladavanja usmerenog na zadatak i izbegavanje, dok su potcenili jačinu i učestalost korišćenja mehanizama suočavanja usmerenih na emocije.sr
dc.description.abstractThe thesis is focused on two main research issues, as follows: examination of complex interrelationships among variables relevant to the phenomenon of the stressprocess in the context of test anxiety and study of distortions in the memory for emotions, thoughts and behavior in a particular previous stressful transaction. The theoretical basis of the thesis presented in this study is a revised version of the Taylor and Aspinwall model (The Taylor and Aspinwall Model, 1996), which includes a comprehensive and contemporary conceptual framework for understanding the components of a generic phenomenon of the stress concept and their mutual relations. The validated model includes four sets of variables: a) stressor (test anxiety), b) coping (three categories of coping mechanisms: task-focused coping, emotion-focused coping, and avoidance), c) personality traits (optimism and general self-efficacy as internal resources for coping, and two stable personality traits relevant to the domain of academic life: perfectionism and neuroticism), and d) the output variables of the stress-process (success achieved at the colloquium and the emotional state of students immediately after the test situation). The research was carried out on a sample of 263 students of Psychology studies and German Language and Literature studies at the University of Novi Sad. The research design enabled data collection within two distinct times of measurement: immediately before and immediately after passing the colloquium (test), and a month after the test situation. Examination of the stress-process variable space was carried out by application of the following measuring instruments: Test Anxiety Inventory (TAI), Coping Inventory for Task Stress (CITS), The Almost Perfect Scale-Revised (APS-R), Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R), General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE), the neuroticism subscale from the "Big Five" personality inventory, and the Serbian adaptation of the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (SIAB-PANAS). The obtained results, which have emerged after reviewing the first set of the research questions, suggest that emotion-focused coping mechanisms are significant mediators of relations, which exist between the intensity of the test anxiety on one hand, and success achieved at the colloquium and the emotional state of subjects immediately after the test situation, on the other hand. Furthermore, the thesis presents in details and discusses specific conditions under which a certain level of the examined moderator variables (optimism, general self-efficacy, neuroticism, and three subtypes of perfectionism) significantly change the following relations: a) test anxiety – a choice of coping strategies, b) applied coping mechanisms - outcomes of the examined stressful transaction and c) a direct relationship between stressors and output variables. When examining memory distortions, it was found that students generally tended to subsequently underestimate the strength of their own test anxiety, which existed in the real situation of taking the test, as well as to overestimate positive outcome emotions. The findings also suggested that the neuroticism trait and the success achieved on the test were statistically not significant for distortions in memory, and feelings from the previous stressful transaction. Finally, it was found that the subjects relatively accurately evoked memories of the applied coping strategies, which fell into the category of the task-focused coping and avoidance, and underestimated the strength and frequency of application of emotion-focused coping mechanisms.en
dc.languagesr (latin script)
dc.publisherУниверзитет у Новом Саду, Филозофски факултетsr
dc.rightsopenAccessen
dc.sourceУниверзитет у Новом Садуsr
dc.subjectStres-processr
dc.subjectstress-processen
dc.subjectispitna anksioznostsr
dc.subjectsuočavanje sastresomsr
dc.subjectresursi za suočavanje sa stresomsr
dc.subjectmemorijske distorzijesr
dc.subjecttest anxietyen
dc.subjectcopingen
dc.subjectcoping resourcesen
dc.subjectmemory distortionsen
dc.titleRelacije između stres-procesa i ispitne anksioznosti – distorzije u sećanjima na emocije iz prošlih stresnih transakcijasr
dc.title.alternativeRelationships between the stress-process and testanxiety – distortions in memory for emotionsfrom past stressful transactionsen
dc.typedoctoralThesissr
dc.rights.licenseBY-NC-ND
dcterms.abstractМихић, Љиљана; Јаничић, Бојан; Петровић, Весна; Aлтарас, Aна; Михић, Љиљана; Генц, Aна; Релације између стрес-процеса и испитне анксиозности – дисторзије у сећањима на емоције из прошлих стресних трансакција; Релације између стрес-процеса и испитне анксиозности – дисторзије у сећањима на емоције из прошлих стресних трансакција;
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/bitstream/id/45950/IzvestajKomisije9342.pdf
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/bitstream/id/45949/Disertacija9342.pdf


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