Dijagnostička procena afektivne i kognitivne komponente teorije uma, emocionalne empatije i afektivne vezanosti kod paranoidne shizofrenije
Committee membersHadži-Pešić, Marina
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The goal of this research is to establish the differences regarding attachment and aspects of empathy between mentally healthy individuals and individuals suffering from paranoid schizophrenia, as well as to check whether there is a connection between the dimensions of attachment and aspects of empathy in both subsamples. Besides this, the connection between the aspects of empathy and attachment on the one hand, and the prominence of persecutory ideation on the other hand, was tested on the subsample of respondents suffering from paranoid schizophrenia. Finally, the research goal was to examine how the dimensions of attachment and the aspects of empathy contribute to the prediction of probability of respondents’ belonging to the examined subsamples. The sample consisted of 30 respondents suffering from paranoid schizophrenia and 30 mentally healthy respondents. The subsamples were equaled in terms of gender, age and education. The following instruments were used in the research: ...Strange stories test, Faux Pas Recognition Test, JACEFEE and JACNeuF (Japanese and Caucasian Facial Expressions of Emotion (JACFEE) and Neutral Faces (JACNeuF), Multi-Dimensional Emotional Empathy Scale, Questionnaire for Attachment Assessment (QAA-R), Persecutory Ideation Questionnaire (PIQ) and Symptom Check List-90-Revised (SCL-90-R). The results indicated the existence of differences in the prominence of the dimensions of attachment and the frequency of secure and a group of insecure patterns of attachment, with the dimension Negative Working Model of Others being the most discriminative one. The frequency of insecure patterns of attachment is higher in the subsample of the respondents suffering from paranoid schizophrenia. What was also established is the difference in how successful the respondents were in the tasks aimed at evaluating cognitive and affective component of theory of mind, where mentally healthy respondents turned out to be more successful in these tasks. The results show that the respondents suffering from paranoid schizophrenia have difficulty not only understanding those messages that should not be interpreted literally but also recognizing emotionally neutral faces and surprises. Emotional empathy is more prominent in the subsample of those suffering from paranoid schizophrenia and represents the only aspect of empathy which has a positive correlation with persecutory ideation. The dimensions of attachment in both subsamples are connected with certain aspects of empathy; however, the congruity of correlations structure is low in the examined samples.