Arhitektura savremenog gradskog hotela - novi programski modeli za dinamično društvo
DoktorandNikolić, Marko B.
Članovi komisijeCekić, Nikola
MetapodaciPrikaz svih podataka o disertaciji
In its not-so-long history, the downtown hotel as an institution and architectural type has undergone various phases of development. From the modest inns in medieval towns, through the era of grand hotels, creation of international hotel chains after the Second World War, to the emergence of attractive boutique, design and lifestyle hotels at the end of XX and the latest concepts at the beginning of the XXI century, the hotel has evolved from an insignificant public facility of utilitarian character to multifaceted phenomenon of the modern society. Over the past three decades, a continuous reconsideration and innovation of the concept of the downtown hotel has led to a permanent transformation of this architectural type, its repositioning within the framework of the modern city, as well as to the emergence of numerous new program models and hybrid forms that are closely linked with the multicultural character of the society at the beginning of the third millennium. In addition to the e...volution of a city hotel, the architectural composition of historic hotels and the most significant modern examples, problems and crises of the hotel during the second half of the twentieth century, as well as conceptions of a contemporary city hotel, are also the subject of this research. Special emphasis was put on the complexity and multiplicity of hotel functions, which makes it unique among public building typologies. Bearing in mind the fact that the assumptions, upon which hotels were based until the 80s of the twentieth century, have been radically transformed, it is pointed to the necessity of reconsideration of architecture as a social and cultural product, with an awareness of the importance of creating an adventure that allows the visitor to experience a permanent shift in perception. The primary objective of the survey is to assess the changes in the physical structure and hotel space in the broader context of the contemporary dynamic society as the frame of reference. By the interpretation and explication of many specifics associated with this process, as well as the analysis of prominent examples of the late twentieth and early twenty-first century, the basic characteristics of architecture and design of the new city hotel are emphasized, which may represent the basis for its further development and improvement. Furthermore, the contribution was provided to explaining the character of the contemporary city hotel and its importance as an architectural artifact, an essential social space, a symbol of the city and a reference point in the urban pattern. The perceived transformational flows and contemporary trends are supported by the analysis and theoretical considerations, which emphasizes the importance of architecture and design, their place in the development of a city hotel and provides a clearer understanding of the origin of successful new concepts. The complexity of the topic caused the application of intricate scientific apparatus. The method of observation, empirical method, case studies, analysis and synthesis, classification and comparison are just some of the scientific methods that have been used in order to perceive the subject of research in a comprehensive and appropriate manner. The conducted research represents a contribution to the study of architecture of the city hotel, and its significance is manifold. A clear and comprehensive historical overview of the development of the city hotel as a special architectural type and significant domain of social city life is provided. The determination and classification of transformation factors, the study of transformational processes and redefinition of the contemporary city hotel typology represents a contribution to the elucidation of architectural aspects of this topic. The significance of the work is also reflected in pointing to the emergence of new program models at the beginning of the XXI century which are not fully recognized by the scientific and professional community. The formulated framework for the “reading” of this specific architectural type, in the situation of repeated paradigm shift, is of great importance for further consideration and contemporary theory and practice for planning and design of the city hotel for the third millennium.
Fakultet:Univerzitet u Nišu, Građevinsko-arhitektonski fakultet
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