Uticaj različitih programa vežbanja na fitnes komponente
Committee membersMikalački, Milena
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The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of recreational soccer (SOC) compared to moderate-intensity continuous running (RUN) on all health-related physical fitness components in healthy untrained men. Sixty-nine participants were randomly assigned to one of three groups: a soccer training group (SOC; n=20, 34±4 (means±SD) years, 78.1±8.3 kg, 179±4 cm); a running group (RUN; n=21, 32±4 years, 78.1±5.4 kg, 179±7 cm); or a passive control group (CON; n=23, 30±3 years, 76.6±12.0 kg, 178±8 cm). Sixty-four of the participants completed the programme. The training intervention lasted 12 weeks and consisted of three 60-min sessions per week. All participants were tested for each of the following physical fitness components: body composition, muscular fitness, cardiorespiratory fitness and flexibility. Over the 12 weeks, VO2max relative to body weight increased more (p<0.05) in SOC (24.2%, ES=1.20) and RUN (21.5%, ES=1.17) than in CON (-3.7%, ES=-0.18), partly due to large change...s in body mass (-5.9, -5.7 and +2.6 kg, p<0.05 for SOC, RUN and CON, respectively). Over the 12 weeks, SJ and CMJ performance increased more (p<0.05) in SOC (14.8 and 12.1%, ES=0.81 and 1.08) than in RUN (3.3 and 3.0%, ES=0.19 and 0.23) and CON (0.3 and 0.2%), while flexibility also increased more (p<0.05) in SOC (94%, ES=0.97) than in RUN and CON (0–2%). In conclusion, untrained men displayed marked improvements in maximal aerobic power after 12 weeks of soccer training and moderate-intensity running, partly due to large decreases in body mass. Additionally soccer training induced pronounced positive effects on jump performance and flexibility, making soccer an effective broad-spectrum fitness training intervention.