Show simple item record

Oksitocinski receptori u paraventrikularnom jedru hipotalamusa u autonomnoj kontroli kardiovaskularnog sistema

dc.contributor.advisorJapundžić-Žigon, Nina
dc.contributor.otherMurphy, David
dc.contributor.otherRadenković, Miroslav
dc.contributor.otherBeleslin, Branko
dc.contributor.otherBajić, Dragana
dc.creatorLozić Đurić, Maja
dc.date.accessioned2016-04-16T15:08:23Z
dc.date.available2016-04-16T15:08:23Z
dc.date.available2020-07-03T08:55:46Z
dc.date.issued2015-10-06
dc.identifier.urihttp://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/handle/123456789/5155
dc.identifier.urihttp://eteze.bg.ac.rs/application/showtheses?thesesId=2763
dc.identifier.urihttps://fedorabg.bg.ac.rs/fedora/get/o:10925/bdef:Content/download
dc.identifier.urihttp://vbs.rs/scripts/cobiss?command=DISPLAY&base=70036&RID=47661327
dc.description.abstractThe paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus is an important integrative site of neuroendocrine control of the circulation. Herein I investigate the role of oxytocin receptors (OTRs) in the PVN in cardiovascular homeostasis. Experiments were performed in conscious male Wistar rats equipped with a radiotelemetric device. The PVN was unilaterally co-transfected with an adenoviral vector (Ad) engineered to over-express OTRs along with an enhanced green fluorescent protein (eGFP) tag. Control groups were PVN transfected with an Ad expressing eGFP alone or untransfected, sham rats (Wt). Rats were recorded without and with selective blockade of OTRs (OTX), both under baseline and stressful conditions. Baro-receptor reflex sensitivity (BRS) and cardiovascular short-term variability were evaluated using the sequence method and spectral methodology, respectively. Under baseline conditions OTR rats exhibited enhanced BRS and reduced blood pressure (BP) variability in comparison to eGFP and Wt rats. Exposure to stress increased BP, BP variability and heart rate (HR) in all rats. In eGFP and Wt rats, but not in OTR rats, BRS decreased during exposure to stress. Pre-treatment of OTR rats with OTX reduced BRS and enhanced BP and HR variability under baseline and stressful conditions. In Wt rats pre-treated with OTX, BRS was decreased and BP variability was increased under baseline and stress while HR variability was increased only during stress. OTRs in PVN are involved in tonic neural control of BRS and cardiovascular short-term variability. The failure of this mechanism could critically contribute to autonomic deregulation in cardiovascular disease.sr
dc.description.abstractParaventrikularno jedro hipotalamusa (PVN) predstavlja vaţan integrativni centar neuroendokrine kontrole cirkulacije. U radu je ispitivana uloga oksitocinskih receptora (OTR) u PVN-u u homeostazi kardiovaskularnog sistema.Eksperimenti su izvođeni na budnim, odraslim muţjacima Wistar soja pacova, kojima je ugrađen radiotelemetrijski uređaj radi praćenja i beleţenja kardiovaskularnih parametara. Primenom tehnike in vivo genskog transfera, u PVN su jednostrano ubrizgani adenovirusni vektori, konstruisani tako da sadrţe informaciju potrebnu za sintezu OTR i obeleţivača-zelenog fluorescentnog proteina (OTR grupa).Jednoj grupi kontrolnih ţivotinja je u PVN izvršen genski transfer adenovirusnih vektora koji dovode do ekspresije samo obeleţivača (eGFP grupa), dok je druga grupa kontrolnih ţivotinja ostala netransfecirana (Wt grupa). Snimanja kardiovaskularnih parametara su vršena u stanju mirovanja i tokom izlaganja stresu, i to na ţivotinjama kojima u PVN nije ubrizgavan selektivni antagonist oksitocinskih receptora (OTX), ali i na ţivotinjama čiji su paraventrikularni oksitocinski receptori blokirani primenom OTX. Senzitivnost baroreceptorskog refleksa (BRS) određivana je metodom sekvenci, dok je u proceni kratkoročnog varijabiliteta kardiovaskularnog sistema korišćena spektralna analiza. Tokom mirovanja, kod ţivotinja u OTR grupi zabeleţeno je povećanje BRS, kao i smanjenje varijabiliteta krvnog pritiska u poređenju sa eGFP i Wt grupom. Izlaganje stresu je u svim grupama dovelo do povećanja vrednosti krvnog pritiska, srčane frekvencije, kao i varijabiliteta krvnog pritiska . U eGFP i Wt grupi, ali ne i u OTR grupi pacova, izlaganje stresu je dovelo do smanjenja BRS. Primena OTX u OTR grupije...en
dc.formatapplication/pdf
dc.languageen
dc.publisherУниверзитет у Београду, Медицински факултетsr
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/Integrated and Interdisciplinary Research (IIR or III)/41013/RS//
dc.rightsopenAccessen
dc.sourceУниверзитет у Београдуsr
dc.subjectOxytocin receptorsr
dc.subjectOksitocinski receptoren
dc.subjectparaventrikularno jedro hipotalamusaen
dc.subjectadenovirusni vektoren
dc.subjectbaroreceptorski refleksen
dc.subjectvarijabilitet krvnog pritiskaen
dc.subjectvarijabilitet srčane frekvencijeen
dc.subjectparaventricular nucleus of the hypothalamussr
dc.subjectadenoviral vectorsr
dc.subjectbaro-receptor reflexsr
dc.subjectblood pressure variabilitysr
dc.subjectheart rate variabilitysr
dc.titleThe hypothalamic oxytocin receptors in the paraventricular nucleus in autonomic cardiovascular controlsr
dc.titleOksitocinski receptori u paraventrikularnom jedru hipotalamusa u autonomnoj kontroli kardiovaskularnog sistemaen
dc.typedoctoralThesis
dc.rights.licenseBY
dcterms.abstractЈапунджић-Жигон, Нина; Мурпхy, Давид; Раденковић, Мирослав; Белеслин, Бранко; Бајић, Драгана; Лозић Ђурић, Маја;
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/bitstream/id/11615/Disertacija794.pdf
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/bitstream/id/11616/Maja_Lozic_Izvestaj_Komisije_S_MDF.pdf
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/bitstream/id/11617/Maja_Lozic_Izvestaj_Komisije_E_MDF.pdf


Files in this item

Thumbnail
Thumbnail
Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record