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Donkey milk balkan breeds, protein profile, fatty acid composition, lactation

dc.contributor.advisorIličić, Mirela
dc.contributor.advisorĐuragić, Olivera
dc.contributor.otherMilanović, Spasenija
dc.contributor.otherIličić, Mirela
dc.contributor.otherĐuragić, Olivera
dc.contributor.otherTorbica, Aleksandra
dc.creatorGubić, Jasmina
dc.date.accessioned2016-04-16T14:57:11Z
dc.date.available2016-04-16T14:57:11Z
dc.date.available2020-07-03T13:54:46Z
dc.date.issued2016-03-28
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.cris.uns.ac.rs/DownloadFileServlet/Disertacija145320750640055.pdf?controlNumber=(BISIS)99872&fileName=145320750640055.pdf&id=4837&source=NaRDuS&language=srsr
dc.identifier.urihttps://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/handle/123456789/5139
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.cris.uns.ac.rs/record.jsf?recordId=99872&source=NaRDuS&language=srsr
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.cris.uns.ac.rs/DownloadFileServlet/IzvestajKomisije145320758627299.pdf?controlNumber=(BISIS)99872&fileName=145320758627299.pdf&id=4838&source=NaRDuS&language=srsr
dc.description.abstractU okviru doktorske disertacije ispitan je nutritivni kvalitet mleka magarice balkanske rase tokom laktacije. Prosečna suva materija mleka magarice balkanske rase iznosi 9,26%. Sadržaj proteina tokom laktacije kreće se od 1,40% do 1,92%. Prosečan sadržaj mlečne masti je 0,61%, a sadržaj laktoze iznosi 6,50%. Sadržaj analiziranih minerala: Ca, Na, K, Mg, P i Zn se povećava tokom laktacije i maksimalna vrednost utvrđena je 170. dana. Primenom kapilarne elektroforeze definisan je profil proteina mleka magarice balkanske rase. Identifikovane su sledeće proteinske frakcije: αs1-kazein, αs2-kazein, β-kazein (A, F), α-laktalbumin (A, C), β-laktoglobulin, lizozim, laktoferin, serum albumin i imunoglobulin čiji sadržaj opada tokom perioda laktacije. Sadržaj α-laktalbumina se kreće od 3090 mg/l do 1990 mg/l, a lizozima varira od 1040 mg/l do 2970 mg/l. Navedene frakcije proteina su najzastupljenije u mleku magarice balkanske rase. Laktoferin i imunoglobulin su frakcije sa najmanjim udelom u mleku magarice balkanske rase. Korišćenjem gasne hromatografije/masene spektrometrije utvrđen je sastav masnih kiselina mleka. Udeo esencijalne linolne kiseline (C18:2 n6) kreće se u opsegu od 7,08%, do 9,69%, a udeo α-linoleinske kiseline (C18:3 n3) varira od 5,85% do 7,83%.                                      Sastav mleka magarice balkanske rase kompariran je sa nutritivnim karakteristikama humanog mleka tokom 40. i 90. dana laktacije. Utvrđene su značajne razlike u sadržaju proteina mleka, mlečne masti i minerala. Odnos kazeina i proteina surutke kreće se od 0,68 do 0,75 u mleku magarice, dok u humanom mleku varira od 0,59 do 0,70. Udeo -linoleinske kiseline (C18:3 n3) je oko 2,5 puta veći u mleku magarice u odnosu na humano mleko. Generalno se može zaključiti da mleko magarice balkanske rase ima specifične nutritivne karakteristike koje variraju u zavisnosti od sastava hrane za životinje i analiziranog perioda laktacije.sr
dc.description.abstractNutritional quality of Balkan donkey milk during lactation was investigated within this thesis. The mean content of dry matter, fat and lactose in the Balkan donkey milk was 9.26%, 0.61% and 6.50%, respectively. Protein content during lactation period ranged from 1.40% to 1.92%. Content of the analyzed minerals: Ca, Na, K, Mg, Zn and P increased during the lactation period and reached their maximum value at 170th day. The protein profile of Balkans donkey milk was defined by application of capillary electrophoresis when the following protein fractions: αs1-kazein, αs2-kazein, β-kazein (A, F), α-laktalbumin (A, C), β-laktoglobulin, lysozyme, lactoferrin, serum albumins and immunoglobulins, whose content decreases during lactation period,were identified. α-lactalbumin contents ranged from 3090 mg/l to 1990 mg/ and lysozyme varies between 1040 mg/l to 2970 mg/l. These two protein fractions were the most abundant in the Balkan donkey milk, while lactoferrin and immunoglobulin were at least represented. The fatty acid composition of Balkan donkey milk was determined using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. The share of the essential linoleic (C18: 2 n6) and α - linolenic (C18: 3 n3) acid rangred from 7.08 % to 9.69% and from 5.85 % to 7.83 %. Nutritional quality of Balkan donkey milk has been compared with the nutritional quality of human milk during the 40th and 90th day of lactation. Significant differences in the protein content of milk, fat and minerals were found. The ratio of casein and whey protein ranged from 0.68 to 0.75 in the Balkan donkey milk, while in human milk this value varies from 0.59 to 0.70. The share of α-linolenic acid (C18:3 n3) is around 2.5 times higher in donkey than in human milk. The main conclusion is that Balkan donkey milk has specific and unique nutritional quality which depend on the feed composition and on the analyzed period of lactation.en
dc.languagesr (latin script)
dc.publisherУниверзитет у Новом Саду, Технолошки факултетsr
dc.rightsopenAccessen
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
dc.sourceУниверзитет у Новом Садуsr
dc.subjectMleko magarice balkanske rasesr
dc.subjectDonkey milk balkan breedsen
dc.subjectprofil proteinasr
dc.subjectsastav masnih kiselinasr
dc.subjectlaktacijasr
dc.subjectprotein profileen
dc.subjectfatty acid compositionen
dc.subjectlactationen
dc.titleProfil proteina i sastav masnih kiselina mleka magarice balkanske rase tokom perioda laktacijesr
dc.titleDonkey milk balkan breeds, protein profile, fatty acid composition, lactationen
dc.typedoctoralThesisen
dc.rights.licenseBY-NC
dcterms.abstractИличић Мирела; Ђурагић Оливера; Милановић Спасенија; Иличић Мирела; Торбица Aлександра; Ђурагић Оливера; Губић Јасмина; Профил протеина и састав масних киселина млека магарице балканске расе током периода лактације; Профил протеина и састав масних киселина млека магарице балканске расе током периода лактације;
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/bitstream/id/40403/Disertacija779.pdf
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/bitstream/id/40404/IzvestajKomisije779.pdf
dc.identifier.fulltexthttps://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/bitstream/id/40403/Disertacija779.pdf
dc.identifier.fulltexthttps://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/bitstream/id/40404/IzvestajKomisije779.pdf
dc.identifier.rcubhttps://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_nardus_5139


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