Vodni resursi Rasinskog okruga i njihov uticaj na regionalni razvoj
Committee membersŽivković, Nenad
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Rasina district disposes of significant natural resources, among which water resources represented by surface watercourses of the rivers of Zapadna, Velika and Južna Morava and their tributaries, as well as underground waters (phreatic, artesian aquifers, karst and mineral sources) are the most significant. The main goal of this paper is detailed analysis and presentation of the state of available water resources on the territory of Rasina district and determining possibilities, in accordance with obtained results, for their integration in developmental policy of the district. Analytical, evolutionary and comparative method, as well as generalization method, cartographic and poll method made the basis of the research procedure. In studying water resources at first we analyzed basic physical – geographical factors which influence the regime of surface and underground waters. Thus we set the basis for the following hydrological research. After determining the state of all the waters on t...he territory of Rasina district, we determined which portion of those resources can be used for water supply of population, whereas which portion can be used for the purpose of industry, agriculture and hydro-energetic purpose. Likewise, we provided detailed analysis of the harmful influence of irrational water resources exploitation in the above mentioned sectors, as well as the possibilities for overcoming these negative actions together with rational managing of water resources in accordance with the principles of sustainable development and European standards. On the basis of these researches, a conclusion is imposed that Rasina district disposes of sufficient quantities of water, necessary for the needs of population, industry and agriculture. However, the biggest problem is unplanned economy of such an important natural resource, misuse of water and inadequate protection of sources. Planned and sustainable managing of water resources implies their exploitation for the purpose of satisfying the present needs of the population, whereas it also enables the future generations to do the same. Steady future regional development related to water resources implies adoption and implementation of certain measures which should enable adequate and stable water supply of the population with quality water, construction of the infrastructure for the management of waste waters, reduction of industrial pollution of watercourse, as well as providing sufficient quantities of water for watering arable surfaces. The biggest attention should be paid to the development and realization of the project of the regional system “Ćelije“ which represents the basis for providing sufficient quantities of quality water for the needs of the population and economy in Rasina district and its surroundings.