Situaciona efikasnost vrhunskih džudista na svetskim prvenstvima
Situational efficiency of elite judo athletes at the world championships
Committee membersNurkić, Mirsad
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The aim of this study was to determine whether the change in the competition rules initiated the existence of differences in situational efficiency of elite judo athletes at two world championships. Observational methodology have been used in the study, based on principle of performance analysis in sport. Data collection was carried out with the help of valid Lince software. The sample consisted of 280 fights in the men's competition, 140 fights from the World Championship held in 2011 in Paris and 140 fights from the World Championship held in 2014 in Chelyabinsk. From each of the seven weight categories twenty most important matches were analyzed (all matches from the 1/8 finals, ending with a final battle). The observation were conducted by three experts, professor of physical education and sport, the black belt 3rd day degree. A total of 2289 actions were registered. Structurally these were: unsuccessful throwing attempts (1405), successful throw attempts (329), successful ground t...echniques (33) and penalties (522). Statistically, there were significant differences in the following parameters of situational efficiency: actions, subgroups of judo techniques, the group of applied technique, technical scores and penalties, grip configuration and type of attack. As for the parameters of basic judo techniques group, no significant statistical differences were found. Original scientific contribution of this research is to analyze and explain the structure of judo fights before and after the change in the competition rules. The research results can be used in practice for planning and design of training situations that are closest to the real competition conditions.