Sinteza biodizela na aktiviranom katalizatoru na bazi CaO: optimizacija procesnih parametara i efekti korišćenja biodizela
Synthesis of biodiesel over activated cao-based catalyst: optimisation of process parameters and effects of using biodiesel
AuthorLjupković, Radomir B.
Committee membersBojić, Aleksandar
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The influence of the physicochemical properties of a series of CaO catalysts activated at different temperatures on the biodiesel production was investigated. These catalysts show dissimilar yields in the transesterification of triglycerides with methanol. We have found significant relationships between structural properties (the type of the pore system, the typical CaO crystal phase and the sizes of crystallites (up to 25 nm), the minimal weight percentage of CaO phase, the total surface basicity and potential existence of two types of basic active sites) of CaO prepared and activated by means of thermal treatment at highest temperature and catalytic efficiency. Benefits of this catalyst are short contact time, standard operating temperature and atmospheric conditions, relatively low molar ratios and small catalyst loading. These all together resulted in a very high biodiesel yield of high purity. The properties of different biodiesel (obtained with the use of the prepared CaO catalys...t) blends with different diesel and biodiesel ratios indicate that the higher the fraction of biodiesel fuel the better the achieved fuel properties according to the EU standards. A significant reduction of CO2 and CO emissions and only a negligible NOx increase occurred when blends with an increased biodiesel portion was used. The use of biodiesel derived blends, and the eventual complete replacement of fossil fuels with biodiesel as a renewable, alternative fuel for diesel engines, would greatly contribute to the reduction of greenhouse gases emissions.
Faculty:University of Niš, Faculty of Science and Mathematics
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