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A study of photodegradation of arylazo pyridone dyes

dc.contributor.advisorMijin, Dušan
dc.contributor.otherPetrović, Slobodan
dc.contributor.otherUšćumlić, Gordana
dc.contributor.otherVuković, Zorica
dc.creatorDostanić, Jasmina
dc.date.accessioned2016-01-05T12:41:34Z
dc.date.available2016-01-05T12:41:34Z
dc.date.available2020-07-03T09:22:01Z
dc.date.issued2013-03-11
dc.identifier.urihttp://eteze.bg.ac.rs/application/showtheses?thesesId=842
dc.identifier.urihttp://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/handle/123456789/2878
dc.identifier.urihttps://fedorabg.bg.ac.rs/fedora/get/o:7205/bdef:Content/download
dc.identifier.urihttp://vbs.rs/scripts/cobiss?command=DISPLAY&base=70036&RID=44833039
dc.description.abstractU ovom radu proučavana je fotokatalitička degradacija arilazo piridonskih boja, 5-(4- supstituisani fenilazo)-6-hidroksi-4-metil-3-cijano-2-piridona, korišćenjem simulirane sunčeve svetlosti. Kao katalizatori korišćeni su komercijalni TiO2 (Aeroxide P25) i TiO2 filmovi. U prvom delu rada opisana je sinteza i karakterizacija arilazo piridonskih boja. Arilazo boje su sintetisane na dva načina. Prvi način sinteze obuhvata reakcije diazotovanja supstituisanih anilina i kuplovanja dobijene diazonijum soli sa 6-hidroksi- 4-metil-3-cijano-2-piridonom. Drugim načinom arilazo piridonske boje su dobijene kuplovanjem diazonijum soli sa ketoestrom uz ciklizaciju nastalog proizvoda etil 3- okso-2-(supstitisanifenildiazenil)butanoata sa cijanoacetamidom. Da bi se ispitao uticaj elektronskih efekata supstituenata na apsorpcione spektre sintetisanih boja, azo-hidrazo tautomeriju i konstante kiselosti, sintetisano je jedanaest boja koje su se razlikovale po prirodi supstituenta na fenilnom jezgru diazo komponente. Ovi uticaji su kvantifikovani korišćenjem Hammett-ove jednačine (princip linearnih korelacija slobodnih energija - LFER princip). Dobijeni rezultati su pokazali da elektron-akceptori prisutni na fenilom jezgru utiču na povećanje π,π-konjugacije u hidrazo tautomeru, dok elektron-donori utiču na povećanje π,π-konjugacije u azo tautomeru. Pokazano je da je elektronsko ponašanje atoma azota azo i hidrazo grupe različito kod boja sa elektron-donorskim i elektronakceptorskim supstituentima. Takođe, dobijeni rezultati su pokazali da je udeo hidrazo komponente i konstanta kiselosti najmanji kod nesupstituisanih boja, dok sa povećanjem elektron-donorskih i elektron-akceptorskih svojstava supstituenata u diazo komponenti boja ove vrednosti rastu. U drugom delu rada proučavana je fotokatalitička degradacija arilazo piridonskih boja korišćenjem komercijalnog katalizatora TiO2, Aeroxide P25. Ispitivan je uticaj sledećih reakcionih parametara na brzinu fotodegradacije 5-(4-sulfofenilazo)-6-hidroksi-4-metil- 3-cijano-2-piridona: količina katalizatora, početna koncentracija boje, temperatura, pH, koncentracija H2O2, prisustvo etanola. Pokazano je da reakcije fotodegradacije slede kinetiku pseudo prvog reda, prema Langmuir-Hinselwood-ovom modelu. Rezultati TOC analize su pokazali da se boja može uspešno demineralizovati ispitivanim fotokatalitičkim procesom. U ovom delu rada proučavan je i uticaj elektronskih svojstava suspstituenata na fenilnom jezgru supstituisanih boja na brzine fotodegradacije. Brzine fotodegradacije su korelisane sa Hammett-ovim konstantama supstituenata. Najveće brzine degradacije su dobijene kod boja sa elektronakceptorskim supstituentima, dok su najmanje brzine degradacije dobijene kod boja sa elektron-donorskim supstituentima. U trećem delu rada proučavana je fotodegradacija arilazo boje, 5-(4-sulfofenilazo)-6- hidroksi-4-metil-3-cijano-2-piridona korišćenjem poroznih TiO2 filmova. TiO2 filmovi su sintetisani na nosaču od nerđajućeg čelika metodom sprej pirolize. Pripremljene su dve grupe filmova: prva grupa polazeći od koloidnog TiO2 rastvora dobijenog hidrotermalnim postupkom i druga grupa polazeći od suspenzije TiO2, Aeroxide P25. Dobijeni filmovi su žareni na različitim temperaturama, a potom okarakterisani primenom sledećih metoda: (1) rendgenostrukturna analiza (XRD), (2) Hgporozimetrija i N2-fizisorpcija, (3) skenirajuća elektronska mikroskopija (SEM), (4) foto-elektronska spektroskopija X-zracima (XPS), (5) difuziono-refleksiona spektroskopija ultravioletne i vidljive oblasti (DR UV/Vis). Dobijeni rezultati su pokazali da strukturna, morfološka i teksturalna svojstva filmova zavise u velikoj meri od temperature žarenja. Rezultati fotokatalitičkih testova su pokazali da se fotoaktivnost filmova smanjuje sa povećanjem temperature žarenja, usled promena u njihovim svojstvima. Poređenjem fotoaktivnosti filmova različitih debljina zaključeno je da su usled difuzionih ograničenja boje i/ili slabijeg prodiranja svetlosti, donji delovi filma manje aktivni nego gornji. Pokazano je da difuzija boje i svetlosti zavisi od teksturalnih svojstava filmova. U radu je izvršeno i poređenje fotoaktivnosti Aeroxide P25 TiO2 praha, i filma dobijenog iz suspenzije TiO2, Aeroxide P25. Dobijeni rezultati su pokazali da je fotoaktivnost filmova značajno manja u odnosu na fotoaktivnost ogovarajućih prahova ne samo usled difuzionih ograničenja u sloju filma, već najverovatnije i usled prisustva metala iz nosača.sr
dc.description.abstractIn this dissertation photocatalytic degradation of 5-(4-substituted phenylazo)-6- hydroxy-4-methyl-3-cyano-2-pyridone using simulated sun light was investigated. The commercial TiO2, Aeroxide P25 and immobilized films were used as photocatalysts. The first part of the dissertation describes synthesis and characterization of arylazo pyridone dyes. The arylazo pyridone dyes having different substituents (from electron-donating to electon-withdrawing) on phenyl ring of diazo component were synthesized by two ways. The first synthesis way includes diazotization-coupling reactions and involves the conversion of 4-sulphoaniline to the diazonium ion intermediate 4-sulphobenzendiazonium ion, followed by the reaction with 3-cyano-6- hydroxy-4-methyl-2-pyridone. In the second way, the dyes were synthesized by coupling diazonium salts with ketoesters followed by condensation with cyanoacetamide. The influence of electronic effects of substituents group in the arylazo component on the absorption spectra, azo/hydrazo tautomerism and acid constants of dyes was investigated and quantified using Hammett equation (principle of linear free energy relationship-LFER). The obtained results showed that electron-withdrawing substituents in the arylazo component increase π,π-conjugation in hydrazo tautomer, while electron-donating substituents increase π,π-conjugation in azo tautomer. In addition, it was observed that the electronic behaviour of the nitrogen atoms of azo and hydrazo group is different between derivates with electron-donating and electron-withdrawing substituents. The results also showed that the quantity of hydrazo component and pKa values increased with increasing electron-donating and electron-withdrawing efects of substituents. In the second part of the dissertation the photocatalytic degradation of synthesized dyes using commercial TiO2 Aeroxide P25 was investigated. The influence of different process parameters (catalyst concentration, initial dye concentration, temperature, pH, H2O2 concentration, ethanol concentration) on photodegradation rate of 5-(4-sulpho phenylazo)-6-hydroxy-4-methyl-3-cyano-2-pyridone was studied. The reaction kinetics analysis showed that photodegradation exhibits pseudo first-order kinetics according to Langmuir-Hinshelwood model. The results from TOC analysis showed that dye is efficiently mineralized using investigated photocatalytic process. In addition, the effect of substituents in the diazo component of the dyes on their photocatalytic degradation was studied and quantified using Hammett equation. The results indicated that the photodegradation rates were in a good degree dependent on the substituent electronic effects being accelerated by electron-withdrawing groups and retarded by electrondonating groups. The third part of the dissertation describes the photocatalytic degradation of 5-(4- sulphophenylazo)-6-hydroxy-4-methyl-3-cyano-2-pyridone using porous TiO2 films. TiO2 films were prepared on stainless steel substrate by spray pyrolysis technique. Two groups of films were synthesized: first from hydrothermally prepared colloidal TiO2 solution and second group using TiO2 Aeroxide P25 suspension. The prepared films were annealed at different temperatures and characterized using following methods: (1) X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) (2) Hg-porosimetry and N2-physisorption (3) Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) (4) Photo-electron spectroscopy (XPS) (5) UVVisible Diffuse Reflectance spectroscopy (DR UV/Vis). The obtained results showed that films annealed at different temperature had different structural, textural and morphological properties. The results from photocatalytic tests showed that photoactivity of the films decreased with increasing anenealing temperature, due to alterations in the films properties. Comparation of photoactivity of films with different thickness showed that, due to limitations imposed by light transport and dye diffusion, the inner parts of films are less active than outer parts. These difusion limitations depends on textural properties of films. In addition, the photoactivity of TiO2 powder Aeroxide P25 and corresponding film was compared. The difference in photoactivity arises not only from diffusion limitations in films, but also from the presence of different metals in film layer.en
dc.formatapplication/pdf
dc.languagesr
dc.publisherУниверзитет у Београду, Технолошко-металуршки факултетsr
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/Integrated and Interdisciplinary Research (IIR or III)/45001/RS//
dc.rightsopenAccessen
dc.sourceУниверзитет у Београдуsr
dc.subjectarilazo piridonske bojesr
dc.subjectarylazo dyesen
dc.subjectazo/hydrazo tautomerismen
dc.subjectHammett equationen
dc.subjectphotocatalytic degradationen
dc.subjectphotoactivityen
dc.subjectTiO2 Aeroxide P25en
dc.subjectTiO2 filmsen
dc.subjectspray pyrolysisen
dc.subjectazo-hidrazo tautomerijasr
dc.subjectHammett-ova jednačinasr
dc.subjectfotokatalitička degradacijasr
dc.subjectfotokatalitička aktivnostsr
dc.subjectTiO2 Aeroxide P25sr
dc.subjectTiO2 filmovisr
dc.subjectsprej pirolizasr
dc.titleProučavanje fotodegradacije arilazo piridonskih bojasr
dc.titleA study of photodegradation of arylazo pyridone dyesen
dc.typedoctoralThesis
dc.rights.licenseBY
dcterms.abstractМијин, Душан; Вуковић, Зорица; Ушћумлић, Гордана; Петровић, Слободан; Достанић, Јасмина; Проучавање фотодеградације арилазо пиридонских боја; Проучавање фотодеградације арилазо пиридонских боја;
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/bitstream/id/17853/Disertacija.pdf


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