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Effect of rehabilitation on recovery of persons with multiple sclerosis after relapse of disease

dc.contributor.advisorDrulović, Jelena
dc.contributor.otherPekmezović, Tatjana
dc.contributor.otherMatanović, Dragana
dc.contributor.otherVojinović, Slobodan
dc.creatorNedeljković, Una
dc.date.accessioned2016-01-05T12:07:02Z
dc.date.available2016-01-05T12:07:02Z
dc.date.available2020-07-03T08:54:31Z
dc.date.issued2014-12-24
dc.identifier.urihttp://eteze.bg.ac.rs/application/showtheses?thesesId=1937
dc.identifier.urihttps://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/handle/123456789/2465
dc.identifier.urihttps://fedorabg.bg.ac.rs/fedora/get/o:9663/bdef:Content/download
dc.identifier.urihttp://vbs.rs/scripts/cobiss?command=DISPLAY&base=70036&RID=46759183
dc.description.abstractUvod: Periodična pojava relapsa bolesti predstavlja jednu od glavnih karakteristika multiple skleroze, a manifestuje se iznenadnim pogoršanjem neurološkog stanja bolesnika. Zlatni standard u terapiji ovih akutnih pogoršanja bolesti je primena visokih doza intravenskog metilprednizolona. Istraživanja su, međutim, pokazala da je oporavak bolesnika posle primene ove terapije nepotpun. Zaostajanje određenog stepena oneposobljenosti, perzistiranje simptoma i njihov uticaj na aktivnosti svakodnevnog života, kao i redukovan kvalitet života obolelih, često su prisutni duži vremenski period nakon završene medikamentne terapije. Cilj ovog istraživanja je bio da utvrdi da li multidisciplinarna rehabilitacija u kombinaciji sa primenom visokih doza kortikosteroida kod osoba sa multiplom sklerozom u akutnom pogoršanju bolesti, dovodi do boljeg oporavka u odnosu na izolovanu primenu kortikosteroida. Metodologija: Istraživanje je sprovedeno u vidu randomizovanog kliničkog ispitivanja. 49 ispitanika je uključeno u studiju i randomizovano u eksperimentalnu i kontrolnu grupu, a 37 je završilo ispitivanje. Svi bolesnici su primili kortikostroidnu terapiju, a eksperimentalna grupa je dodatno uključena u multidisciplinarni rehabilitaconi program u trajanju od 3 nedelje. Ishodne varijable su bile : Proširena skala funkcionalne onesposobljenosti (EDSS), Skala za procenu funkcionalne nezavisnosti(FIM), Bekov upitnik za procenu depresije (BDI) , Skala težine zamora (FSS) i Upitnik za procenu kvaliteta života obolelih od multiple skleroze ( MSQoL54). Procena oporavka vršena je posle mesec dana i tri meseca od primene medikamentne terapije. Rezultati: Statistički značajno poboljšanje EDSS i FIM skora prisutno je u obe grupe posle mesec dana i tri meseca, ali bez statistički značajne razlike promene skora među grupama. BDI skor pokazuje statistički značajnu promenu vrednosti samo u eksperimentalnoj grupi u oba vremena praćenja, ali se u poređenju sa kontrolnom grupom ne uočava statistički značajna razlika. FSS pokazuje potpuno različi trend kretanja vrednosti u grupama, ali bez statističke značajnosti promene vrednosti kako unutar grupe, tako i među grupama. Kvalitet života značajno je poboljšan u eksperimentalnoj grupi. Za razliku od kontrolne grupe gde je poboljšanje postignuto samo u fizičkom kompozitnom skoru i to sa srednjom veličinom efekta, u eksperimentalnoj grupi poboljšanje je postignuto i u fizičkom i u mentalnom kompozitnom skoru, sa izraženom veličinom efekta, naročito posle trećeg meseca...sr
dc.description.abstractIntroduction : One of the main characteristics of multiple sclerosis is intermittent, sudden appearance of relapse of disease, which is characterized by worsening of neurological status. Golden standard for relapse treatment is admission of high dose of methylprednisolon (HDMP). However, research has shown that recovery from relapse is often incomplete. Persistence of certain level of disability and symptoms that influence activity of daily living, as well as reduced quality of life, are often seen for an extended period of time after corticosteroid treatment . The aim of this research was to determine if multidisciplinary rehabilitation (MDR) along with corticosteroids influence better recovery of patients after relapse of disease than corticosteroid therapy alone. Methodology: The study was conducted as randomized controlled trial. Forty-nine patients were included in the study and randomized to control and treatment group and 37 completed the study. HDMP was administered to all patients. Treatment group additionally received MDR program over a 3-week period. Outcome measures were: Expended Disability Status Scale (EDSS), Functional Independence Measure (FIM), Beck depression Inventory (BDI), Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS) and Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life Questionnaire ( MSQoL 54). Evaluation of recovery was performed one and three months following HDMP treatment. Results: Statistically significant improvement in EDSS and FIM score was seen in both groups after one and three months, but there was no significant difference in change scores between the groups. There was statistically significant improvement in BDI score only in treatment group in both follow –up time points but, still without significant difference in change scores between the groups. FSS scores showed completely different pattern of change in the groups, nevertheless, statistical difference wasn’t achieved either in mean change score in the group or change scores between the groups. Quality of life improved statistically significant in the experimental group. Compared to control group, in which the improvement was demonstrated only in physical composite score with medium effect size, in experimental group, both, physical and mental composite score improved significantly with large effect size, especially after third month.en
dc.formatapplication/pdf
dc.languagesr
dc.publisherУниверзитет у Београду, Медицински факултетsr
dc.rightsopenAccessen
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.sourceУниверзитет у Београдуsr
dc.subjectmultipla sklerozasr
dc.subjectmultiple sclerosisen
dc.subjectrelapssr
dc.subjectmetilprednizolonsr
dc.subjectmultidiscplinarna rehabilitacijasr
dc.subjectrandomizovano kliničko istraživanjesr
dc.subjectrelapseen
dc.subjectmethylprednisolonen
dc.subjectmultidisciplinary rehabilitationen
dc.subjectrandomized controlled trialen
dc.titleUticaj rehabilitacije na oporavak osoba sa multiplom sklerozom posle akutnog pogoršanja bolestisr
dc.titleEffect of rehabilitation on recovery of persons with multiple sclerosis after relapse of diseaseen
dc.typedoctoralThesisen
dc.rights.licenseBY
dcterms.abstractДруловић, Јелена; Војиновић, Слободан; Матановић, Драгана; Пекмезовић, Татјана; Недељковић, Уна; Утицај рехабилитације на опоравак особа са мултиплом склерозом после акутног погоршања болести; Утицај рехабилитације на опоравак особа са мултиплом склерозом после акутног погоршања болести;
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/bitstream/id/11211/Disertacija.pdf
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/bitstream/id/11212/Una_Nedeljkovic_Izvestaj_Komisije_MDF.pdf
dc.identifier.fulltexthttps://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/bitstream/id/11211/Disertacija.pdf
dc.identifier.fulltexthttps://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/bitstream/id/11212/Una_Nedeljkovic_Izvestaj_Komisije_MDF.pdf
dc.identifier.rcubhttps://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_nardus_2465


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