Razvoj i tipologije višeporodičnog stanovanja Niša od 1918. do danas
Committee membersLojanica, Vladimir
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Scientific research is based on the study of functional development of a housing unit in multi-family housing of Nis, in the period since 1918 until the present day. The genesis of functional organization of housing has been investigated through the systemic analysis of complex influences occurring during the defined period. Through the adopted periodization of complex cultural and social processes, characteristic historical entities have been defined, according to which characteristic typology models of housing have been identified. As housing represents a complex process, in the paper it was important to identify interdependent process on the spatial development of a housing unit and significant impacts which characterized its changes. Simultaneously with the analysis of social and economic impacts, one should analyze the architectonic-town planning development of a city and employed spatial and formal housing concepts. The end goal of the research was the analysis of rules, regulari...ties, continuities and discontinuities which characterized certain recognizable development stages of a housing unit and identification of typological characteristics of the models which constitute the housing stock of Nis, which are used to feature the time when they were created. According to the defined goal, a significant part of the research is recording and analysis of characteristic developmental phases of housing in the context of social and historical conditions. The Developmental phases have been presented through the housing models established by the case study. For the purpose of a clearer systematization of adopted case studies, analytical lists have been formed and chronologically sequenced for the purpose of analyzing the development of the housing unit, functional layout of the housing as well as housing characteristics according to the defined periodization. The final conclusion, and by the systematization of all the previously analyzed impact and conditions provides the research results which should facilitate a better understanding of the development process of functional housing organization, as well as of the development of typology of the multi-family housing of Nis.