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Mechanisms of influence of clinical and paraclinical parameters on the occurrence of disability and progression of brain damage in correlation with applied treatment modalities in pediatric multiple sclerosis

dc.contributor.advisorJančić, Jasna
dc.contributor.otherSamardžić, Janko
dc.contributor.otherDrulović, Jelena
dc.contributor.otherMesaroš, Šarlota
dc.contributor.otherDinčić, Evica
dc.creatorNikolić, Blažo
dc.date.accessioned2021-12-25T20:35:40Z
dc.date.available2021-12-25T20:35:40Z
dc.date.issued2021-09-27
dc.identifier.urihttp://eteze.bg.ac.rs/application/showtheses?thesesId=8454
dc.identifier.urihttps://fedorabg.bg.ac.rs/fedora/get/o:24795/bdef:Content/download
dc.identifier.urihttp://vbs.rs/scripts/cobiss?command=DISPLAY&base=70036&RID=53249801
dc.identifier.urihttps://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/handle/123456789/18868
dc.description.abstractUvod: Dečja i adolescentna multiplа sklеrоzа (PedМS) је retka, nеurоdеgеnеrаtivna, autoimuna i inflаmаtоrna bоlеst cеntrаlnog nеrvnog sistеma. Cilj istraživanja je analiza karakteristika PedMS, procene značaja kliničkih i parakliničkih parametara u nastanku onesposobljenosti i evaluacija efikasnosti i bezbednosti imunomodulatorne terapije. Pacijenti i metode: Rеtrоspеktivnа analiza kliničkih i parakliničkih parametara sprovedena u Klinici zа nеurоlоgiјu i psihiјаtriјu zа dеcu i оmlаdinu je obuhvatila 54 pacijenta, uzrasta od 7 do 18 gоdinа sa PеdМS. Rezultati: Prosečni uzrast 16,4 ± 1,7 godina. Najčešći simptom bolesti je оptički nеuritis (ON). Zabeležen je veliki broj relapsa bolesti, prosečno 3,3. Više od 44% pacijenata je imalo potpuni oporavak od prvog ataka bolesti. Pacijenti sa motornim deficitom i znacima moždanog stabla imaju veći EDSS. Oligоklоnаlnе trаkе su bilе pоzitivnе kоd 68,5% pаciјеnаtа. Vizuelni evocirani potencijali (VEP) su na početku bolesti bili patološki kоd 76,9% pаciјеnаtа. Oko 40% pacijenata ima klinički asimptomatske lezije na VEP. Periventrikularne promene je imalo 94,4%, a više od 77% infratentorijalne promene na magnetnoj rezonanci. Imunomodulatorna terapija je primenjena kod 25,9% pacijenata, bez ozbiljnih neželjenih reakcija. Zaključak: Оvо је prvo istraživanje о PеdМS u Srbiјi i na Zаpаdnоm Bаlkаnu. Zabeležen je rаni pоčеtak bоlеsti, dobar oporavak i nizak stepen neurološke onesposobljenosti. VEP amplituda može imati prediktivni značaj u oporavku vida, a produžena latencija je glavni pokazatelj ON. Najčešće se javljaju periventrikularne i infratentorijalne promene na MR koje nisu direktno povezane sa neurološkom onesposobljenošću. Imunomodulatorna terapija dovodi do sprečavanja progresije moždanog oštećenja sa povoljnim bezbednosnim profilom.sr
dc.description.abstractIntroduction: Pediatric multiple sclerosis (PedMS) is a rare neurodegenerative, autoimmune and inflammatory disease of the central nervous system. Aim: The aim of the research is to analyze the characteristics PedMS, evaluation of the importance of clinical and paraclinical parameters in the development of disability and to evaluate the efficacy and safety of immunomodulatory therapy. Patients and Methods: This retrospective study of clinical and paraclinical parameters was performed at the Clinic of Neurology and Psychiatry for Children and Youth, which involved 54 PedMS patients, aged 7 to 18 years. Results: Average age was 16.4 ± 1.7 years. The most common symptom of the disease was optic neuritis (ON). A large number of disease relapses have been reported, with a mean of 3.3 disease relapses. More than 44% of patients had complete recovery after the onset attack of the disease. Patients with motor deficits and sings of brainstem deficit had a higher EDSS. Oligoclonal bands were positive in 68.5% of patients. VEP was abnormal in 76.9% of patients at the onset of the disease. Approximately 40% of patients had clinically asymptomatic lesions on VEP. Periventricular lesions were preset in 94,4% patients and more than 77% of patients had infratentorial lesions on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Immunomodulatory therapy was applied in 25.9% of patients, without severe adverse events to the applied therapy. Conclusion: This is the first study of PedMS in Serbia and in the Western Balkans. Early onset of the disease, a good recovery and lower levels of neurological disability were noted. VEP amplitudes may have predictive significance in the recovery of vision, and prolonged latency is a major indicator of ON. The most common lesions on the MRI were periventricular and infratentorial which were not directly associated with neurological disability. Immunomodulatory therapy prevented the progression of brain damage with a favorable safety profile.en
dc.formatapplication/pdf
dc.languagesr
dc.publisherУниверзитет у Београду, Медицински факултетsr
dc.rightsopenAccessen
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.sourceУниверзитет у Београдуsr
dc.subjectdečja i adolescentna multipla skleroza, kliničke karakteristike, relapsi, vizuelni evocirani potencijali, oligoklonalne trake, magnetna rezonanca, imunomodulatorna terapija, terapija relapsasr
dc.subjectPediatric multiple sclerosisen
dc.subjectClinical characteristicsen
dc.subjectRelapseen
dc.subjectVisual evoked potentialsen
dc.subjectOligoclonal bandsen
dc.subjectMagnetic resonance imagingen
dc.subjectImmunomodulatory therapyen
dc.subjectTreatment of relapsesen
dc.titleMehanizmi uticaja kliničkih i parakliničkih parametara na nastanak onesposobljenosti i progresiju moždanog oštećenja u korelaciji sa primenjenim terapijskim modalitetima kod dece i adolescenata sa multiplom sklerozomsr
dc.title.alternativeMechanisms of influence of clinical and paraclinical parameters on the occurrence of disability and progression of brain damage in correlation with applied treatment modalities in pediatric multiple sclerosisen
dc.typedoctoralThesis
dc.rights.licenseBY-NC-ND
dcterms.abstractЈанчић, Јасна; Друловић, Јелена; Динчић, Евица; Месарош, Шарлота; Самарджић, Јанко; Николић, Блажо; Механизми утицаја клиничких и параклиничких параметара на настанак онеспособљености и прогресију можданог оштећења у корелацији са примењеним терапијским модалитетима код деце и адолесцената са мултиплом склерозом; Механизми утицаја клиничких и параклиничких параметара на настанак онеспособљености и прогресију можданог оштећења у корелацији са примењеним терапијским модалитетима код деце и адолесцената са мултиплом склерозом;
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/bitstream/id/78674/Disertacija_12000.pdf
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/bitstream/id/78675/Izvestaj_Komisije_12000.pdf
dc.identifier.rcubhttps://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_nardus_18868


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