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Chemical composition, biological and functional characteristics of new elderberry products

dc.contributor.advisorRadojković, Marija
dc.contributor.otherTomović, Vladimir
dc.contributor.otherRadojković, Marija
dc.contributor.otherCvetanović, Aleksandra
dc.contributor.otherBeara, Ivana
dc.creatorVujanović, Milena
dc.date.accessioned2021-02-27T07:45:07Z
dc.date.available2021-02-27T07:45:07Z
dc.date.issued2020-12-14
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.cris.uns.ac.rs/DownloadFileServlet/Disertacija160128863255359.pdf?controlNumber=(BISIS)115048&fileName=160128863255359.pdf&id=16828&source=NaRDuS&language=srsr
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.cris.uns.ac.rs/record.jsf?recordId=115048&source=NaRDuS&language=srsr
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.cris.uns.ac.rs/DownloadFileServlet/IzvestajKomisije160128866333415.pdf?controlNumber=(BISIS)115048&fileName=160128866333415.pdf&id=16829&source=NaRDuS&language=srsr
dc.identifier.uri/DownloadFileServlet/IzvestajKomisije160128866333415.pdf?controlNumber=(BISIS)115048&fileName=160128866333415.pdf&id=16829
dc.identifier.urihttps://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/handle/123456789/18053
dc.description.abstractGlavni cilj ove doktorske disertacije je određivanje hemijskog sastava, bioloških i funkcionalnih karakteristika novih proizvoda od zove. Dobijanje proizvoda na bazi zove zasniva se na primeni tradicionalnih i savremenih tehnoloških procesa proizvodnje. Iskorišćenje prirodnog potencijala zove započeto je primenom tradicionalne i savremene (liofilizacija) tehnike sušenja. U cilju dobijanja visoko-vrednih ekstrakata ploda i cveta zove primenjene su tradicionalna (maceracija) i savremene (ultrazvučna i mikrotalasna) ekstrakcione tehnike sa dva ekstragensa (50% etanol i voda). Dobijanje matičnog soka od plodova zove podrazumevalo je primenu tradicionalnog načina ceđenja, dok je vino od plodova zove dobijeno po standardnom postupku proizvodnje vina. Vino je izloženo različitim temperaturnim tretmanima u različitom vremenskom periodu (60 °C u toku 5 minuta, 60 °C u toku 10 minuta, 70 °C u toku 5 minuta i bez toplotnog tretmana) u cilju evaluacije biološke aktivnosti dobijenog proizvoda. Etarsko ulje ploda i cveta zove je dobijeno hidrodestilacijom. Ispitivanje efikasnosti primenjenih tehnoloških postupaka sušenja i ekstrakcije je zasnovano na određivanju bioloških i funkcionalnih karakteristika dobijenih ekstrakata ploda i cveta zove. U ispitivanim ekstraktima ploda i cveta zove dominantne fenolne kiseline su hlorogenska i protokatehinska kiselina, a rutin i kvercetin-3-O-heksozid su dominantna flavonoidna jedinjenja. Biološke i funkcionalne karakteristike su ispitane primenom različitih in vitro antioksidativnih, neuroprotektivnih, antitirozinaznih i antidijabetogenih testova. Primenom liofilizacije kao savremene tehnike sušenja i mikrotalasne ekstrakcije kao savremene ekstrakcione tehnike povećava se biopotencijal ispitivanih ekstrakata. Matični sok od plodova zove kao potencijalno novi funkcionalni proizvod je analiziran u cilju definisanja hemijskog, fitohemijskog i nutritivnog sastava, biološkog potencijala i senzorskih karakteristika. Ispitivanja dobijenog vina su bila usmerena na utvrđivanje optimalnih uslova za proizvodnju voćnog vina. Definisanjem hemijskog i fitohemijskog sastava i evaluacijom biopotencijala vina određen je optimalan temperaturni profil za dobijanje jednog od novih funkcionalnih proizvoda. Na osnovu utvrđenog hemijskog sastava etarsko ulje ploda i cveta zove se pokazalo kao potencijalno novi prirodni agens za održavanje svežine i produženja roka trajanja prehrambenih proizvoda. Zova je nesumnjivo samonikla biljna vrsta koja u budućnosti osnovano može biti polazna sirovina za kreiranje i dobijanje novih prehrmabenih proizvoda na domaćem i inostranom tržištu.sr
dc.description.abstractThe main goal of this doctoral dissertation is to determine the chemical composition, biological and functional characteristics of new elderberry products. Elderberry products were obtained via traditional and modern technological processes. The exploitation of the natural potential of the elderberry started with the application of traditional and modern (lyophilization) drying techniques. To obtain high-value extracts of fruits and flowers, traditional (maceration) and modern (ultrasonic and microwave) extraction techniques with two solvents (50% ethanol and water) were applied. Obtaining the juice from the elderberry fruits implied the application of the traditional cold pressing method, whereas wine from the elderberry fruits was obtained in accordance with the standard procedure of wine production. The wine was exposed to different temperature treatments in different periods (60°C for 5 minutes, 60°C for 10 minutes, 70°C for 5 minutes and without heat treatment) to evaluate the biological activity of the product. The essential oil of the fruit and flower was obtained by hydrodistillation. The examination of the efficiency of the applied technological procedures of drying and extraction is based on observing the biological and functional characteristics of the obtained extracts of the said fruits and flowers. In the examined fruit and flower extracts, the dominant phenolic acids are chlorogenic and protocatechuic acid, while rutin and quercetin-3-O-hexoside are the dominant flavonoid compounds. Biological and functional characteristics were examined using various in vitro antioxidant, neuroprotective, antityrosinase, and antidiabetic tests. The application of lyophilization and microwave extraction (as modern drying and extraction techniques) increased the biopotential of the analyzed extracts. Elderberry juice, a potentially new functional product, was analyzed to define the chemical, phytochemical and nutritional composition, biological potential, and sensory characteristics. The wine was tested in order to determine the optimal conditions for the production of fruit wine. By defining the chemical and phytochemical composition and evaluating the biopotential of wine, the optimal temperature profile for obtaining one of the new functional products was determined. Based on the obtained chemical composition, it is determined that the essential oil of fruits and flowers is a potentially new natural agent for maintaining freshness and extending the shelf life of food products. Without a doubt, elderberry is a wild plant species that could be used in the future as the starting material for creating and obtaining new food products on the domestic and foreign markets.en
dc.languagesr (latin script)
dc.publisherУниверзитет у Новом Саду, Технолошки факултетsr
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/Technological Development (TD or TR)/31013/RS//
dc.rightsopenAccessen
dc.sourceУниверзитет у Новом Садуsr
dc.subjectSambucus nigra L., plod zove, cvet zove, ekstrakcija, liofilizacija, matični sok, voćno vino, etarsko ulje, novi proizvodi, hemijski sastav, antioksidativno, neuroprotektivno delovanje, antitirozinazna, antidijabetogena aktivnostsr
dc.subjectSambucus nigra L., elderberry, elderflower, extraction techniques, lyophilization, mature juice, fruit wine, essential oil, new food products, chemical composition, antioxidant, neuroprotective, antityrosinase, antidiabetic activityen
dc.titleHemijski sastav, biološke i funkcionalne karakteristike novih proizvoda od zovesr
dc.title.alternativeChemical composition, biological and functional characteristics of new elderberry productsen
dc.typedoctoralThesisen
dc.rights.licenseBY-NC-ND
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/bitstream/id/69706/IzvestajKomisije.pdf
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/bitstream/id/69705/Disertacija.pdf


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