Show simple item record

Demographic Problems of West Herzegovina County and their impact on the morphological and functional changes of settlements

dc.contributor.advisorBubalo-Živković, Milka
dc.contributor.otherĐurđev, S. Branislav
dc.contributor.otherBubalo-Živković, Milka
dc.contributor.otherIvkov-Džigurski, Anđelija
dc.contributor.otherLukić, Tamara
dc.contributor.otherGlamuzina, Martin
dc.creatorGalić, Jelica
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-29T11:16:20Z
dc.date.available2015-12-29T11:16:20Z
dc.date.available2020-07-03T13:42:13Z
dc.date.issued2015-11-06
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.cris.uns.ac.rs/DownloadFileServlet/Disertacija144707881536286.pdf?controlNumber=(BISIS)95453&fileName=144707881536286.pdf&id=4569&source=NaRDuS&language=srsr
dc.identifier.urihttp://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/handle/123456789/1662
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.cris.uns.ac.rs/record.jsf?recordId=95453&source=NaRDuS&language=srsr
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.cris.uns.ac.rs/DownloadFileServlet/IzvestajKomisije143799244383690.pdf?controlNumber=(BISIS)95453&fileName=143799244383690.pdf&id=4103&source=NaRDuS&language=srsr
dc.description.abstractU radu se razmatraju demografski problemi regije Hercegovine s posebnim osvrtom na Zapadnohercegovačku županiju te njihov uticaj na morfološko-funkcionalne promene naselja (gradova s pripadajućim naseljenim mestima) u pedesetogodišnjem   vremenskom periodu,  s naglaskom za vremenski period od  1961.  do 2011. godine.  Područje koje se analizira u ovome radu odnosi se na područje koje je funkcionalno vezano za Zapadnohercegovačku županiju, jednu od deset kantona/županija u FBiH.  Proučavani prostor obuhvata 100 naseljenih mesta (četiri gradska naselja). U radu se analizira demografski razvitak, te međusobna povezanost demografskog i socio-ekonomskog razvitka naselja na području Zapadnohercegovačke županije te funkcionalno-morfološke promene naselja. Zapadnohercegovačka županija tradicionalno je emigracijsko područje koje je već decenijama zahvaćeno procesom depopulacije. Šire je područje značajnije počelo   izumirati nakon Drugog svetskog rata, dok su  gradski prostor i njegova okolina, inače centri imigracija, stvarali područja i žarišta ekonomskog i opšteg razvitka Zapadnohercegovačke županije. Depopulaciju je u  naseljenim mestima planinskog  dela Županije (brdski prostori) pratilo napuštanje tradicionalnih privrednih aktivnosti (u prvom redu zemljoradnje  i stočarstva), došlo je do pojave socijalnog pustošenja, promena u krajoliku te izumiranja pojedinih naselja. Najznačajniji uticaj imali su znatno iseljavanje  stanovništva u drugoj polovini 20. veka, direktne i indirektne posledice dvaju svetskih ratova, zatim različite epidemije, agrarna reforma, ekonomske krize koje su se u nekoliko navrata javljale tokom 20. veka. Tome su    pridoneli i ostali faktori, kao što su ekonomska emigracija od sredine šezdesetih godina 20. veka, urbanizacija, industrijalizacija te snažan razvitak središnjih i prigradskih  naselja. Deagrarizacija i deruralizacija, tranzicija nataliteta, rat na području Bosne i Hercegovine u prvoj polovini devedesetih godina 20. veka, te neprimerena populaciona politika,  ostavile su traga na ovim područjima.  S obzirom na dominantne demografske trendove u Županiji može se pretpostaviti da će reprodukcija, odnosno obnavljanje radne snage u budućnosti biti smanjeno. Naime, na navedenu će činjenicu uticati smanjenje stope prirodnog kretanja stanovništva prisutno na području  Zapadnohercegovačke županije  već nekoliko decenija, što znači da će se smanjenje broja mladih stanovnika negativno odraziti na obim radne snage.  Depopulacija ima negativne posledice na funkcije naselja te na morfologiju naselja. U pojedinim naseljima je došlo do promene u njihovoj strukturi i obliku osnove naselja, a gotovo sva naselja u Županiji imaju promene u fizionomiji.sr
dc.description.abstractThis paper discusses the demographic problems of the region Herzegovina with special reference to the West Herzegovina County and their impact on the morphological and functional changes of settlements (cities with the belonging populated areas) in fifty years time, with particular emphasis on the period from 1961 to 2011. The area that is analyzed in this paper refers to the area that is functionally related to the West Herzegovina County, one of ten cantons/counties in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The studied area covers 100 settlements (four  urban settlements). The paper analyzes the demographic development andinterconnection of demographic and socio  -economic development of settlements  in theWest  Herzegovina  County and functional and morphological changes of settlements. West Herzegovina County  is a traditional  emigration area that has been affected by the process of depopulation for decades. Wider area began depopulating after World  War II, while the urban area and its surroundings,  which arein fact  immigration centers, were creating areas and foci of economic and general development of West Herzegovina County. Depopulation in settled places of mountainous part of the County (mountain areas)  was followed by the abandonment of traditional economic activities (primarily agriculture and animal husbandry). There  was  considerable social fallow as well as changes in the landscape and the extinction of some settlements. The emigration in the second half of the 20th century, the direct and indirect consequences of the two world wars, then various epidemics, agrarian reform,  economic crises that have occurred on several occasions during the 20th century had  the most significant influence on the depopulation in this area. Some  other factors, such as the economic emigration from the mid-sixties of the 20th century, urbanization, industrialization and a strong development of central and suburban areas, contributed to this as well. Deagrarization and deruralization, fertility transition, the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the first half of the nineties of the 20th  century and inadequate population policy made their mark in this area. Concerning the dominant demographic trends in the County it can be assumed that the  reproduction or recovery of the  labor force in the future will be reduced. Namely, this fact will be  affected by  reduction in the rate of natural population  growth that has been  present in the area of  West County for several decades, which means that the reduction in the  number of young   people has  a negative impact on the volume of the  labor force. Depopulation has negative effects on the function of the village and the morphology of settlements. In some villages there is a change in their structure and form of the basics of the village, and almost all the villages in the County have a change in the  physiognomy. The concentration of population and economic activities in urban and suburban area had also influence on the  landscape change. Demographic processes, that have occurred in West County, affected the socio  -  economic,physiognomic and functional transformation of urban neighborhoods and some parts of the County.en
dc.languagesr (latin script)
dc.publisherУниверзитет у Новом Саду, Природно-математички факултетsr
dc.rightsopenAccessen
dc.sourceУниверзитет у Новом Садуsr
dc.subjectZapadnohercegovačka županijasr
dc.subjectWest Herzegovina Countyen
dc.subjectstanovništvosr
dc.subjectrazvitaksr
dc.subjectdepopulacijasr
dc.subjectstarenje stanovništvasr
dc.subjectmorfološko-funkcionalne promenesr
dc.subjectdemografijasr
dc.subjectpopulationen
dc.subjectdevelopmenten
dc.subjectdepopulationen
dc.subjectaging of the populationen
dc.subjectmorphological and functional changesen
dc.subjectdemographyen
dc.titleDemografski problemi Zapadnohercegovačke županije i njihov uticaj na morfološko-funkcionalne promene naseljasr
dc.titleDemographic Problems of West Herzegovina County and their impact on the morphological and functional changes of settlementsen
dc.typedoctoralThesissr
dc.rights.licenseBY-NC-SA
dcterms.abstractБубало-Живковић Милка; Ђурђев С. Бранислав; Ивков-Джигурски Aнђелија; Гламузина Мартин; Лукић Тамара; Бубало-Живковић Милка; Галић Јелица; Демографски проблеми Западнохерцеговачке жупаније и њихов утицај на морфолошко-функционалне промене насеља; Демографски проблеми Западнохерцеговачке жупаније и њихов утицај на морфолошко-функционалне промене насеља;
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/bitstream/id/37866/IzvestajKomisije.pdf
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/bitstream/id/37865/Disertacija.pdf


Files in this item

Thumbnail
Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record