Tragično u pripoveci srpskog realizma
AuthorSoleša, Biljana S.
Committee membersMilosavljević Milić, Snežana
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The subject of the study of the doctoral thesis The Tragic in the short fiction of Serbian realism is the presence and the shaping of the phenomenon of the tragic in the Serbian realistic short fiction. The tragic is followed through the thematic structure, the analysis of historical and social conflicts, and the confrontation between public and private, objective and subjective reality, internal conflicts framed within the personality of individuals. The research of the manifestation of the tragic in the art form of short fiction and aesthetic effects involves the processing of tragic motifs, chronotopes, psychological portrayal of tragic characters, symbolic images, scenes, stylistic approach and narrative strategies. The primary aim of the paper is to explore the tragic aspects in the Serbian narrative prose of the epoch of realism on an appropriate corpus, describe the way in which it is shaped in the Serbian realistic short fiction, and discover the nature of the ...tragic from a social, ontological and existential aspect. The research would provide the answer to the question of how the phenomenon of the tragic goes beyond the former genre conditionality and goes to the artistic world of the short fiction. The research includes the short stories of Stefan Mitrov Ljubiša, Jakov Ignjatović, Milovan Đ. Glišić, Milorad Popović Šapčanin, Laza K. Lazarević, Janko Veselinović, Simo Matavulj, Svetolik Ranković, Branislav Nušić, Radoje Domanović, Stevan Sremac, Bora Stanković, Petar Kočić and Ivo Ćipik. Aspects of the tragic in their work are examined within the theoretical framework of philosophical and aesthetic reflections all the way through to the modern times. The paper uses a pluralistic approach with a dominant analytical-interpretative, comparative, structuralist and psychoanalytic method. Linguo-stylistic, sociological, historical and biographical methods are also applied. It is concluded, based on the research, that there is no absolute reason for the genre conditioning of the tragic. The Serbian realistic short fiction successfully represents the seemingly ordinary forms of suffering that should be given special attention to in order to move the reader as being unusual, inevitable and tragic. The presence of the tragic in the Serbian realistic short fiction points to the reflection on the actual real life of a Serbian man of the second half of the 19th century, and contributes to a more complete outlook of the writings of Serbian realists, pointing to a new pattern for interpreting the characters of Serbian realism that would make them contemporary, interesting and close to new readers.