Efekti programiranog fitnes vežbanja na telesnu kompoziciju i posturalni status dece predškolskog uzrasta
Committee membersRadovanović, Dragan
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This research examined the sample of 79 pre-school boys 6 and 7 years old, of which 40 participants in experimental group and 39 in control group, the present condition of the postural status and body composition, and their relationship after implemented six months treatment of fitness exercising in the experimental group of participants in order to examine the effect of the same. The experimental group, in addition to regular programme activities in the children school of sport (three times per week) had two more classes per week in 48 additional training classes 6 months in duration in sport fitness clubs. To estimate the body components the following variables have been applied obtained by the Bio-electric impedance In Body 230: muscle mass, percentage of muscle mass, body fat mass, percentage of the body fat mass, fat free mass, percentage of fat free mass. For the estimation of the postural status characteristics in the sagittal and frontal planes and foot vault decr...ease the following variables are used by the application of the device 3D analysis of the backbone Spinal Mouse and Foot Disc: degree of curvature in thoracic spine, degree of curvature in lumbar spine, spine inclination, and degree of the foot vault decrease. The findings obtained by the double ANOVA are small to moderate and they show that the experimental group had significantly higher advancement than the control group. Regarding the individual findings of the eta coefficient in relation with each group separately between measurements it is visible that value of obtained effects differentiates between groups in favour to the experimental one. Results of this research should serve the function of the most informative indicators that will enrich technological process of managing, monitoring, control improving, and optimizing the programmed exercising in the given population. Permanent implementation of the proposed programme could contribute improvement of the final postural status in children and prevent development of bad postures and later deformities.
Faculty:University of Niš, Faculty of Sport and Physical Education
Keywords:Posturalni status / postural status / programmed fitness exercising / body status / frontal plane / sagittal plane / foot status / pre-school children / programirano fitnes vežbanje / telesni status / forntalna ravan / sagitalna ravan / status stopala / predškolci
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