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Synecological and phytocoenological study of grassland vegetation of Serbia

dc.contributor.advisorDajić, Zora
dc.contributor.otherŠlic, Urban
dc.contributor.otherLakušić, Dmitar
dc.contributor.otherVučković, Savo
dc.contributor.otherVasiljević, Sanja
dc.creatorAćić, Svetlana B.
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-06T08:39:43Z
dc.date.available2018-09-06T08:39:43Z
dc.date.issued2018-05-30
dc.identifier.urihttp://eteze.bg.ac.rs/application/showtheses?thesesId=5937
dc.identifier.urihttps://fedorabg.bg.ac.rs/fedora/get/o:18085/bdef:Content/download
dc.identifier.urihttp://vbs.rs/scripts/cobiss?command=DISPLAY&base=70036&RID=512160733
dc.identifier.urihttp://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/123456789/9782
dc.description.abstractLivadska vegetacija Srbije predstavlja izuzetan resurs za poljoprivredu i zauzima 27% poljoprivrednih površina (1.460.000 ha); po obimu površina ovo je najrasprostranjeniji tip agroekosistema u širem smislu. Metode numeriĉke klasifikacije su omogućile procenu statusa i reviziju sintaksonomskog poloţaja livadskih zajednica klasa Molinio-Arrhenatheretea, Festuco-Brometea i Festucetea vaginatae za celokupno podruĉje Srbije. Analize livadske vegetacije Srbije izvršene su na setu od 3346 fitocenoloških snimaka, od ĉega 1449 snimaka pripada klasi Molinio-Arrhenatheretea, a 1897 klasi Festuco-Brometea, zajedno sa klasom Festucetea vaginatae. Numeriĉka analiza velikog seta podataka livadskih sintaksona Srbije je pokazala da se snimci klase Molinio-Arrhenatheretea grupišu u 13 klastera, koji relativno dobro odgovaraju svezama ove klase. Klasteri ove klase su grupisani u dve grupe koje odgovaraju redovima Molinietalia i Trifolio-Hordeetalia. Kao dijagnostiĉke vrste klase Molinio-Arrhenatheretea izdvojile su se: Trifolium resupinatum, Poa trivialis, Bromus racemosus, Ranunculus repens, Trifolium patens, Agrostis stolonifera, Trifolium fragiferum, Alopecurus pratensis, Scirpus sylvaticus, Lysimachia nummularia, Carex hirta, Potentilla reptans, Hordeum secalinum, Alopecurus rendlei, Molinia caerulea, Carex distans, Deschampsia cespitosa, Carex otrubae, Ranunculus sardous, Lythrum salicaria i Galium palustre. Najvaţniji faktori koji utiĉu na razvoj dolinskih livadskih zajednica su vlaţnost i koliĉina hranljivih materija u zemljištu. Numeriĉka analiza suvih livadskih zajednica ranije shvaćenih kao vegetacija klasa Festuco-Brometea i Festucetea vaginatae, pokazala je da se dobro izdvajaju 11 klastera. Jasno su istaknuti klasteri koji odgovaraju svezama Festucion rupicolae i Festucion valesiacae, Scabioso-Trifolion dalmatici i redu Halacsyetalia sendtneri. Naroĉito je znaĉajno blisko grupisanje klastera vegetacije sa vrstama Danthonia alpina, Koeleria pyramidata, Agrostis capillaris i Chrysopogon gryllus, koji ĉine veoma znaĉajne i izrazito rasprostranjene livade Balkanske sveze Chrysopogono-Danthonion alpinae. TakoĊe je pokazano da se vegetacija stepskih panonskih livada, prvobitno opisana u klasi Festucetea vaginatae, grupiše sa vegetacijom klase Festuco-Brometea...sr
dc.description.abstractMeadow vegetation of Serbia represents an outstanding resource for agriculture, occupying about 27% of the total agricultural area of the country (1.460.000 ha) as the most represented type of the agroecosystem. Scientific aims of the thesis comprised a revision of syntaxonomy of meadow vegetation of Serbia of the classes Molinio-Arrhenatheretea, Festuco-Brometea and Festucetea vaginatae, followed by analysis of environmental impacts on differentiation of the meadow vegetation of Serbia using indicator values and the quality assessment of the grasslands through quality value of individual species. Numeric classification enabled status assessment and revision of syntaxonomy of grassland communities originally considered as Molinio-Arrhenatheretea, Festuco-Brometea and Festucetea vaginatae for entire region of Serbia. Analyses of the meadow vegetation were performed on data set containing 3346 of phytocoenological relevés, out of 1449 and 1897 belong to class Molinio-Arrhenatheretea and Festuco-Brometea (including the class Festucetea vaginatae), respectively. Numeric classification of the huge data set showed that relevés of the Molinio-Arrhenatheretea made 13 clusters, which relatively clear responded to alliances of the class. Clusters of that class made two distinct groups corresponding to orders Molinietalia and Trifolio-Hordeetalia. As diagnostic species of the Molinio-Arrhenatheretea the following are noted: Trifolium resupinatum, Poa trivialis, Bromus racemosus, Ranunculus repens, Trifolium patens, Agrostis stolonifera, Trifolium fragiferum, Alopecurus pratensis, Scirpus sylvaticus, Lysimachia nummularia, Carex hirta, Potentilla reptans, Hordeum secalinum, Alopecurus rendlei, Molinia caerulea, Carex distans, Deschampsia cespitosa, Carex otrubae, Ranunculus sardous, Lythrum salicaria and Galium palustre. The most important environmental factors determining development of valley meadows of the Molinio-Arrhenatheretea were the moisture and content of the soil nutrients. Numeric classification of the classes Festuco-Brometea and Festucetea vaginatae indicated the existence of 11 clusters...en
dc.formatapplication/pdf
dc.languagesr
dc.publisherУниверзитет у Београду, Пољопривредни факултетsr
dc.rightsAutorstvo-Nekomercijalno-Bez prerade 3.0 Srbija (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)
dc.sourceУниверзитет у Београдуsr
dc.subjectsintaksonomija, livadska vegetacija, Molinio-Arrhenatheretea, Festuco-Brometea, Festucetea vaginatae, indikatorske vrednosti biljaka, indeksi kvaliteta biljnih vrstasr
dc.subjectsyntaxonomy, grassland vegetation, Molinio-Arrhenatheretea, Festuco-Brometea, Festucetea vaginatae, ecological indicator value, quality indexen
dc.titleSinekološka i fitocenološka studija livadske vegetacije Srbijesr
dc.title.alternativeSynecological and phytocoenological study of grassland vegetation of Serbiaen
dc.typePhD thesis
dcterms.abstractДајић, Зора; Васиљевић, Сања; Шлиц, Урбан; Вучковић, Саво; Лакушић, Дмитар; Aћић, Светлана Б.; Синеколошка и фитоценолошка студија ливадске вегетације Србије; Синеколошка и фитоценолошка студија ливадске вегетације Србије;


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