Projektovanje i realizacija upravljačkih sistema sa aktivnim potiskivanjem poremećaja
Stanković, Momir R.
Faculty:University of Niš, Faculty of Electronic Engineering
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Active Disturbance Rejection Control (ADRC) is a recently proposed concept, which features high control performances and the minimal dependence on knowledge of the process model. Hence, ADRC represents a suitable solution for the industrial control applications, where the precise mathematical modeling of the process is limited. This dissertation deals with the design and realization of the ADRC controllers. The contribution of the research is reflected in the proposed modifications of the existing ADRC structures, which enable more efficient sinusoidal disturbances rejection and the sinusoidal reference tracking. The high performances and the robustness of the developed algorithms are demonstrated through the frequency domain analysis. Further, the optimal controller parameters tuning method, which is based on the genetic algorithm, is proposed. Compared to the conventional parameter tuning, it has been shown that the optimally tuned system, for the same robustness and no
indexes, provides significantly better performances in terms of the external disturbance rejection and the reference tracking. The practical realization of the control systems, using Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) hardware, is analyzed. In this context, the features of the modern FPGA chips are considered and a detailed methodology for the control algorithm implementation, by the graphical system-level software tools, is suggested. In this way, the practical realization of the control system and the selection of the optimal hardware structure, as a tradeoff between the system performances and resource occupancy, are simplified. Consequently, the proposed methodology contributes to reducing the gap between FPGA technology and the control system designers. The developed control system solutions are experimentally tested in the laboratory environment on the three-axis didactic radar platform. The obtained results of the axes tracking performances confirm the efficiency of the proposed control algorithm and its FPGA realization.View More
Keywords:Upravljanje sa aktivnim potiskivanjem poremećaja; Аctive Disturbance Rejection Control (ADRC); Disturbance rejection; Frequency domain analysis; Optimal parameters tuning; Genetic algorithm; Field Programmable Gate Array-FPGA; Optimal hardware design; Multi-axis system control; Exprimental verification; Potiskivanje poremećaja; Frekvencijska analiza; Optimalno podešavanje parametara; Genetski algoritam; Field Programmable Gate Array- FPGA tehnologija; Optimalna hardverska realizacija; Višeosni sistemi upravljanja; Eksperimentalna verifikacija