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The kinetics and mechanism of removal of selected metals from water by adsorption on amino functionalized carbon nanomaterials

dc.contributor.advisorTričković, Jelena
dc.contributor.otherDalmacija, Božo
dc.contributor.otherTričković, Jelena
dc.contributor.otherAgbaba, Jasmina
dc.contributor.otherŠćiban, Marina
dc.creatorŠućurović, Aleksandra
dc.date.accessioned2017-11-06T10:47:42Z
dc.date.available2017-11-06T10:47:42Z
dc.date.issued2017-09-27
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.cris.uns.ac.rs/DownloadFileServlet/Disertacija149847705973037.pdf?controlNumber=(BISIS)104809&fileName=149847705973037.pdf&id=10077&source=NaRDuS&language=srsr
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dc.identifier.urihttp://www.cris.uns.ac.rs/DownloadFileServlet/IzvestajKomisije149847707582449.pdf?controlNumber=(BISIS)104809&fileName=149847707582449.pdf&id=10079&source=NaRDuS&language=srsr
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dc.identifier.urihttp://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/123456789/8836
dc.description.abstractPredmet istraživanja ove doktorske disertacije bio je ispitivanje adsorpcionog ponašanja As(III) i odabranih metala (Cu(II), Cd(II), Pb(II), Cr(VI)) na amino- funkcionalizovanim višeslojnim ugljeničnim nanocevima, MWCNT-NH2 , na četiri odabrane pH vrednosti (3; 4,5; 6 i 11) i pri različitim sastavima vodenog rastvora (prisustvo hlorida, nitrata, sulfata i fosfata), a u cilju ispitivanja mogućnosti primene MWCNT-NH2 za uklanjanje arsena i jona metala iz vodenih rastvora u oblasti relativno niskih koncentracija (0,01-3 mg L -1 ). Fokus ove doktorske disertacije je bio na utvrđivanju mehanizma procesa adsorpcije u ispitivanim uslovima.   Adsorpciju arsena i metala na MWCNT-NH2 najbolje je opisao reakcioni model pseudo-drugog reda što  znači da adsorpcija može biti pripisana uspostavljanju hemijskih interakcija između adsorbata i vezivnih grupa na površini adsorbenta. Modelovanje brzine Weber Morris-ovim difuzionim modelom ukazalo je  na to da unutarčestična difuzija, iako sporiji korak  od eksterne difuzije, nije jedini ograničavajući korak u procesu adsorpcije, već su za to odgovorne i interakcije ispitivanih jona sa vezivnim mestima na površini adsorbenta.  U ravnotežnim uslovima, na različitim pH vrednostima, adsorpcija se mogla opisati  Langmuir-ovim i Freundlich-ovim adsorpcionim modelima. Kapacitet i afinitet adsorbenta, kao i sam mehanizam adsorpcije, značajno su bili uslovljeni pH vrednošću rastvora, kako zbog karakteristika površine ispitivanog adsorbenta uslovljenih pH vrednošću, tako i zbog uticaja pH vrednosti rastvora na pojavne hemijske oblike u kojima se arsen i metali nalaze. Ispitivanje uticaja anjona pokazalo je da je prisustvo hlorida povećalo afinitet površine MWCNT-NH2 ka jonima arsena i svih metala u oblasti niskih koncentracija, dok je prisustvo hlorida, nitrata, sulfata i fosfata pozitivno uticalo na afinitet površine (od 2 do 8 puta veći u odnosu na dejonizovanu vodu) MWCNT-NH2 ka Cu(II) u oblasti viših koncentracija. Najmanji uticaj anjona na afinitet površine ka vezivanju metala primećen je kod hroma. Pretpostavljeni  mehanizmi uklanjanja arsena i odabranih metala u prisustvu anjona ukljuĉuju reakcije građenja različitih vrsta spoljašnje-  i unutrašnje-sfernih kompleksa, jonske izmene, kao i  elektrostatičke interakcije koje se ostvaruju između pozitivno naelektrisane površine MWCNT-NH2 i anjona, na pH vrednostima manjim od 6,4, a koje menjaju afinitet površine ka jonima arsena i metala. Rezultati ove doktorske disertacije pokazuju da se ispitivani adsorbent, MWCNT-NH2 ,  može koristiti za uklanjanje arsena i teških metala iz vode u prisustvu različitih anjona i da, svojim adsorpcionim karakteristikama, može konkurisati komercijalnim i  ekonomski pristupačnim adsorbentima.sr
dc.description.abstractThe subject of this doctoral thesis was the examination of the adsorption behaviour of As(III), and selected metals (Cu(II), Cd(II), Pb(II), Cr(VI)) on the amino-functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotubes, MWCNT-NH2, at four pH values (3, 4.5, 6, and 11) with different compositions of aqueous solutions (in the presence of chlorides, nitrates, sulphates and phosphates), in order to examine the possibilities of applying MWCNT-NH2 in removal of arsenic and metal ions from aqueous solutions in relatively low concentration (0,01- 3mg L-1). The focus of this doctoral thesis was to establish the mechanism of adsorption process in given conditions. Arsenic and metal adsorption on MWCNT-NH2 were best described with the pseudo-second order kinetic model, which assumes that adsorption can be attributed to the establishment of chemical reactions between the adsorbate, and the binding groups at the surface of adsorbent. The Weber - Morris diffusion model indicated that intercellular diffusion, although being a slower step than external diffusion, is not the only limiting step in the adsorption process, but also that the interactions of ions with the adsorbent surface binding sites, are responsible. In equilibrium, at different pH values, the adsorption could be described by the Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption models. The capacity and affinity of the adsorbent, and adsorption mechanism, were considerably determined by the pH value of the solution, either because of the characteristics of the surface of the investigated adsorbent depending on pH value, or the effect of the solution’s pH value on the chemical forms of arsenic and other metals. Investigation of the influence of the anion showed that the presence of chloride increased affinity of the surface of MWCNT-NH2 to arsenic ions and to all metals in low concentration ranges, while presence of chlorides, nitrates, sulphates and phosphates had a positive impact on the affinity of the surface (2 or 8 times greater than for deionized water) MWCNT-NH2 for Cu(II) in high concentration ranges. The smallest impact of anions to affinity of the surface to bond metals was noticed for chromium. The assumed mechanisms of removing arsenic and selected metals in the presence of anions include reactions of forming various kinds of outer- and inner-spheric complexes, ionic exchange, as well as electrostatic interaction which occur between positively charged surface of MWCNT-NH2 and anions, for pH < 6.4, and which change affinity of the surface towards arsenic and metal ions. Results of this doctoral thesis show that the investigated adsorbent, MWCNT-NH2, can be used for the removal of arsenic and heavy metals from water, in the presence of different anions, and that with its adsorbent characteristic it can compete with commercially, and economically more affordable adsorbents.en
dc.languagesr (latin script)
dc.publisherУниверзитет у Новом Саду, Природно-математички факултетsr
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial
dc.sourceУниверзитет у Новом Садуsr
dc.subjectadsorpcijasr
dc.subjectadsorptionen
dc.subjectteški metalisr
dc.subjectvišeslojne ugljeniĉne nanocevisr
dc.subjectpHsr
dc.subjectanjonisr
dc.subjectheavy metal ionsen
dc.subjectmultiwalled carbonnanotubesen
dc.subjectpHen
dc.subjectanionsen
dc.titleKinetika i mehanizam uklanjanja odabranih metala iz vode adsorpcijom na aminofunkcionalizovanom ugljeničnom nanomaterijalusr
dc.title.alternativeThe kinetics and mechanism of removal of selected metals from water by adsorption on amino functionalized carbon nanomaterialsen
dc.typeDoktorska disertacijasr
dcterms.abstractТричковић, Јелена; Тричковић, Јелена; Далмација, Божо; Aгбаба, Јасмина; Шћибан, Марина; Шућуровић, Aлександра; Кинетика и механизам уклањања одабраних метала из воде адсорпцијом на аминофункционализованом угљеничном наноматеријалу; Кинетика и механизам уклањања одабраних метала из воде адсорпцијом на аминофункционализованом угљеничном наноматеријалу;


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