Kompleksni trening mladih košarkaša
Nikolić, Dušan S.
Faculty:University of Niš, Faculty of Sport and Physical Education
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The aim of this study was to determine the effects of complex training (a combination of weight training and biomechanically similar plyometric jumps) on the motor skills of basketball players, namely: explosive power of the lower extremities, agility and speed running. The sample consisted of 31 basketball players of junior age from basketball clubs OKK "Konstantin" and OKK "Junior" from Nis. The respondents were divided into two groups: the experimental group (E, n = 16; AVIS = 186,17cm ± 6,50cm; AMAS = 74,75 ± 9,48kg) and control group (K; n = 15; AVIS = 185,15 ± 9,10cm; AMAS = 79,23 ± 11,87kg). The experimental group (E) consisted of basketball players from basketball team OKK "Constantine," who in addition to the basic technical and tactical training also had a complex training. The control group (K) consisted of the basketball players from basketball team OKK "Junior", who at that time had only technical and tactical training. To assess the explosive strength of the lower extremities
were used: Squat Jump (SJ), Countermovement Jump (CMJ), Drop Jump (DJ) and Countermovement Jump/Single leg (CMJ/S). To assess agility: Agility T Test (TTEST) Hexagon Agility Test (HEKS), Illinois Agility Test (ILINO), Lane Agility Drill (DRIL) for speed measuring: 10x5m Shuttle Test (10x5m), Sprint Fatigue Test (SFT) and Sprint Speed at 15m (S15m). The experimental program, which involves the use of complex training, lasted for 12 weeks and every week they conducted two training sessions. Each complex training lasted for 90 minutes and consisted of three parts: introduction, main and final part. Data processing was carried out by SPSS statistical program. To determine the effect of complex training on the motor skills of basketball players, the analysis of covariance ANCOVA was used. The results showed that after experimental treatment, E group achieved significantly greater progress than group K in the following tests: SJ, CMJ, DJ, TTEST, HEKS, ILINO, DRIL, 10x5m and S15m. There was no difference between E and K group on tests CMJ/S and SFT. Based on these results we concluded that the complex training had a positive effect on the development of explosive strength of the lower extremities, agility and speed running of young players.View More
Keywords:kompleksni trening, košarka, motoričke sposobnosti, pliometrija, trening sa tegovima, efekti; complex training, basketball, motor abilities, plyometrics, weight training, effects