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The Sunni- Shi`a split and its effects on the security in region of the Middle East

dc.contributor.advisorSimić, Dragan
dc.contributor.otherSimić, Dragan
dc.contributor.otherJevtić, Miroljub
dc.contributor.otherBožović, Rade
dc.creatorTodorović, Dragan V.
dc.date.accessioned2016-09-03T19:16:48Z
dc.date.available2016-09-03T19:16:48Z
dc.date.available2020-07-03T09:39:34Z
dc.date.issued2016-07-08
dc.identifier.urihttp://eteze.bg.ac.rs/application/showtheses?thesesId=3760
dc.identifier.urihttp://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/handle/123456789/6446
dc.identifier.urihttps://fedorabg.bg.ac.rs/fedora/get/o:12665/bdef:Content/download
dc.identifier.urihttp://vbs.rs/scripts/cobiss?command=DISPLAY&base=70036&RID=48096271
dc.description.abstractSunitsko-šiitski raskol je najduži i najvažniji raskol unutar muslimanske zajednice, nastao pre četrnaest vekova kao posledica neslaganja oko toga ko treba na čelu muslimanske zajednice da nasledi proroka Muhameda. Inicijalno nastao kao političko neslaganje, tokom vremena je prerastao u sukob između dve najveće grane islama, sunita i šiita. Svih proteklih četrnaest vekova taj sukob traje, menjajući samo neposredne i posredne aktere, načine i stepen sukobljavanja, ali do danas nije razrešen. Raskol između većinskih sunita i manjinskih šiita ekstremno je pojačan od 1979. godine, kada je na čelo Irana došao imam Ruholah Homeini, čime je stvorena prva savremena šiitska država. To je bilo doba previranja u regionu Bliskog istoka, promene balansa snaga među regionalnim i međunarodnim akterima uključenim u dešavanja na Bliskom istoku, jer je te iste godine na vlast u Iraku došao Sadam Husein, a Sovjetski Savez je okupirao Avganistan. Eskalacija u sunitsko-šiitskim odnosima od te 1979. godine, dobija novu dimenziju zbog talasanja koje je Islamska revolucija izazvala u svim sredinama na Bliskom istoku u kojima žive šiitske zajednice. Od tog vremena, odnosi između Saudijske Arabije kao vodeće sunitske i Irana kao šiitske države, predstavljaju paradigmu sunitsko-šiitskog sukoba na Bliskom istoku. Isto tako, od tog vremena bezbednost u regionu Bliskog istoka dobija novu dimenziju i počinje neposredno da zavisi od odnosa snaga između Rijada i Teherana, ali i odnosa u trouglu Vašington-Rijad-Teheran. Američka okupacija Iraka 2003. godine i svrgavanje sunitskog režima Sadama Huseina, dodatno su zakomplikovali sunitsko-šiitske odnose i na duže staze ugrozili bezbednost regiona, da bi od izbijanja Arapskog proleća 2010-2011. godine, problem sunitsko-šiitskih odnosa do danas postao najvažnija tema Bliskog istoka, bacajući u senku sva druga pitanja, ali izbacivši u prvi plan i jačanje terorističkog pokreta u regionu, oličenog u Islamskoj državi u Iraku i Levantu. Početkom 2016. godine, stanje u sunitsko-šiitskim odnosima je komplikovanije nego što je ikad bilo, a bezbednost na Bliskom istoku nikada na ovako niskom nivou.sr
dc.description.abstractThe Sunni – Shi`a split, which came about fourteen centuries ago as a disagreement on who should inherit the Prophet Mohammad as head of the Muslim community, has been the longest and most significant divide within the Muslim community. The split, initially of a political nature, has grown over time into a conflict between the two largest branches of Islam – the Sunni and the Shi`a. In the past fourteen centuries, only the participants, both active and passive, the manner and degree of warfare have changed, yet the conflict remains unresolved to this day. The split between the majority – the Sunnis, and the minority – the Shi`as, has worsened drastically since 1979, when Ruholah Homeini began his rule in Iran, thus forming the first modern Shi`a state. This was a time of turmoil in the Middle East, a time of change in the balance of power among the regional and international participants involved in events that were unfolding in the Middle East, as that same year Saddam Hussein became President of Iraq and the USSR occupied Afghanistan. The escalation in the Sunni-Shi`a relationship was given a new dimension since 1979, due to the tumult caused by the Islamic Revolution throughout the Shi`a populated regions of the Middle East. Since then, the relationship between Saudi Arabia – the leading Sunni state – and Iran – the leading Shi`a state – has served as a paradigm of the Sunni-Shi`a conflict in the Middle East. Likewise, it is from that time that security in the Middle East gained a new dimension and became directly dependent on the relations between Riyadh and Teheran, but also the relations in the Washington-Riyadh-Teheran triangle. The American occupation of Iraq in 2003 and the overthrowing of Saddam Hussein’s Sunni regime further complicated the Sunni-Shi`a relations and caused long-term damage to the region’s security. The Sunni-Shi`a issue has become the most relevant one in the Middle East since the start of the Arab Spring in 2010-2011, thus overshadowing all other issues yet also bringing to the forefront the strengthening of the terrorist movement in the region known as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. The state of the Sunni-Shi`a relationship at the beginning of 2016 is as complex as ever, and security in the Middle East at a historical low.en
dc.formatapplication/pdf
dc.languagesr
dc.publisherУниверзитет у Београду, Факултет политичких наукаsr
dc.rightsopenAccessen
dc.sourceУниверзитет у Београдуsr
dc.subjectproroksr
dc.subjectPropheten
dc.subjectIslamen
dc.subjectSunnaen
dc.subjectShi`ismen
dc.subjectMiddle Easten
dc.subjectSecurityen
dc.subjectIranen
dc.subjectSaudi Arabiaen
dc.subjectislamsr
dc.subjectsunasr
dc.subjectšiijasr
dc.subjectBliski istoksr
dc.subjectbezbednostsr
dc.subjectIransr
dc.subjectSaudijska Arabijasr
dc.titleSunitsko-šiitski raskol i njegove posledice na bezbednost u regionu Bliskog istokasr
dc.titleThe Sunni- Shi`a split and its effects on the security in region of the Middle Easten
dc.typedoctoralThesis
dc.rights.licenseBY-NC-ND
dcterms.abstractСимић, Драган; Симић, Драган; Јевтић, Мирољуб; Божовић, Раде; Тодоровић, Драган В.; Сунитско-шиитски раскол и његове последице на безбедност у региону Блиског истока; Сунитско-шиитски раскол и његове последице на безбедност у региону Блиског истока;
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/bitstream/id/22274/Disertacija4412.pdf
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/bitstream/id/22275/Todorovic_Dragan_V.pdf


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