Аутоматско решавање конструктивних проблема у геометрији
Automated solving of construction problems in geometry.
Faculty:University of Belgrade, Faculty of Mathematics
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Проблеми геометријских конструкција уз помоћ лењира и шестара представљају један од најстаријих и најизазовнијих проблема у елементарној математици. Под решењем конструктивног проблема не подразумева се слика, већ процедура којом се, на основу задатих конструкцијских примитива, у низу корака даје "упутство" како треба конструисати тражени објекат...Abstract: The problems of geometry constructions using ruler and compass are one of the oldest and most challenging problems in elementary mathematics. A solution of construction problem is not an illustration, but a procedure that, using given construction primitives, gives a “recipe” how to construct the object sought. The main problem in solving construction problems, both for a human and a computer, is a combinatorial explosion that occurs along the solving process, as well as a procedure of proving solutions correct. In this dissertation a method for automated solving of one class of construction problems, so-called location problems, is proposed. These are the problems in which the task is to construct a triangle if locations of three characteristic points are given. This method successfully proved most of the solvable problems from Wernick’s and Connelly’s list. For each of the problems it is checked if it is symmetric to some of the already solved problems, and then its status is
determined: the problem can be found redundant, locus dependent, solvable, or not solvable using existing knowledge. Also, a description of the construction in natural-language form and in language GCLC is automatically generated, accompanied by a corresponding illustration, and correctness proof of the generated construction, followed by the list of conditions when the construction is correct. The proposed method is implemented within the tool ArgoTriCS. For proving generated constructions correct, the system ArgoTriCS uses a newly developed prover ArgoCLP, the automated theorem provers integrated within tools GCLC and OpenGeoProved, as well as the interactive theorem prover Isabelle. It is demonstrated that the proofs obtained can be machine verifiable. Within this dissertation, the system ArgoCLP (developed in collaboration with Sana Stojanovi´c) which is capable of automatically proving theorems in coherent logic is described. This prover is successfully applied to different axiomatic systems. It automatically generates proofs in natural-language form, as well as machineverifiable proofs, whose correctness can be checked using interactive theorem prover Isabelle. The important part of this system is a module for simplification of generated proofs whereby shorter and readable proofs are obtained.View More
Keywords:аутоматско резоновање, аутоматско доказивање теорема, интерактивно доказивање теорема, аутоматско генерисање читљивих доказа, кохерентна логика, конструктивни проблеми у геометрији, конструкције лењиром и шестаром; automated reasoning, automated theorem proving, interactive theorem proving, automated generation of readable proofs, coherent logic, geometry construction problems, constructions by ruler and compass