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Taxonomic analyses of the species from subfamily Syrphinae (Diptera: Syrphidae) from Serbia

dc.contributor.advisorVujić, Ante
dc.contributor.otherŠimić, Smiljka
dc.contributor.otherRajković, Dragana
dc.contributor.otherRadenković, Snežana
dc.creatorНедељковић, Зорица
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-28T14:47:24Z
dc.date.available2016-05-28T14:47:24Z
dc.date.issued2011-12-16
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.cris.uns.ac.rs/DownloadFileServlet/Disertacijadisertacija.pdf?controlNumber=(BISIS)67444&fileName=disertacija.pdf&id=142&source=NaRDuS&language=srsr
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.cris.uns.ac.rs/record.jsf?recordId=67444&source=NaRDuS&language=srsr
dc.identifier.urihttp://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/123456789/5396
dc.description.abstractRedeterminacijom publikovanog i determinacijom novog materijala iz podfamilije Syrphinae na području Srbije su zabeleţene 134 vrste iz 25 rodova. Sedam vrsta (Chrysotoxum orthostylus Vujić, in prep., Chrysotoxum aff. festivum, Chrysotoxum aff. vernale, Dasysyrphus laskai Doczkal & Ståhls, in prep., Melanostoma aff. mellinum, Paragus rarus Vujić et al., in prep. i Xanthogramma citrofasciatum B Doczkal, in prep.) su nove za nauku i njihovi opisi se nalaze u pripremi. 14 vrsta su nove za faunu Balkanskog poluostrva, dok su 39 nove za faunu Srbije (uključujući i one koje su nove za Balkan). Unutar vrste Chrysotoxum festivum uočena su dva fenotipa „svetli“ i „tamni“ koji se jasno razlikuju na osnovu niza morfoloških karaktera (širina lica, širina crne trake na licu, poprašenost čela, boja dlaka na mezonotumu i skutelumu, širina oznaka na T2 i T3) kao i na osnovu veličine i oblika krila. Usled jasne divergencije pomenutih fenotipova kao i njihove simpatrije u pitanju su odvojene vrste. Jasno izdvajanje fenotipova na osnovu morfoloških karaktera odraslih jedinki uključujući i parametre krila (veličinu i oblik) ustanovljeno je i unutar vrsta Chrysotoxum vernale i Melanostoma mellinum. Unutar vrste Chrysotoxum vernale se izdvajaju dva nezavisna taksona- Chrysotoxum vernale i Chrysotoxum aff. vernale, a unutar vrste Melanostoma mellinum- Melanostoma mellinum i Melanostoma aff. mellinum. Zoogeografskom analizom je ustanovljeno da su najbrojnije vrste širokog areala, koje čine čak 75,19% od ukupnog broja vrsta, 12 vrsta (9,02%) ima srednjeevropski, 10 severnoevropski (7,52%), a svega dve vrste (1,5%) juţnoevropski tip areala. Dve vrste (1,5%) su ograničenog areala. Dve vrste iz podfamilije Syrphinae spadaju u kategoriju strogo zaštićenih vrsta, dok pet spada u kategoriju zaštićenih vrsta na području Srbije (Uredbom Ministarstva za zaštitu ţivotne sredine i prostornog planiranja Republike Srbije od 2010. godine o zaštiti strogo ugroţenih i ugroţenih divljih vrsta biljaka, ţivotinja i gljiva). Razmatrajući status vrsta na evropskom nivou po Speight (2010) većina vrsta (118) pripada kategoriji neugroţenih vrsta „unthreatened“, a po četiri kategoriji ugroţenih vrsta „threatened“ i vrsta čija se brojnost smanjuje „decreasing“. Najvećim indeksom diverziteta (3,66) se odlikuje Dubašnica sa Malinikom, zatim slede Vršačke planine (H=3,62) i Kopaonik (H=3,59). Najniţi indeks diverziteta imaju Bosilegrad (1,21) i dolina Tamiša (1,55) što je i očekivano obzirom na broj sakupljenih primeraka i registrovanih vrsta. Rad predstavlja sintezu faunističkih istraţivanja vrsta iz podfamilije Syrphinae u Srbiji, taksonomsku analizu zabeleţenih vrsta kao i razrešavanje taksonomskih problema unutar mnogih vrsta unutar kojih su oni bili prisutni.sr
dc.description.abstractThis PhD thesis is about the taxonomic and faunistic revision of the Syrphinae hoverflies (Syrphidae) of Serbia. As a result of this study, 134 species of 25 genera were reported to Serbia. This account comprised seven species new to science: Chrysotoxum orthostylus Vujić, in prep., Chrysotoxum aff. festivum, Chrysotoxum aff. vernale, Dasysyrphus laskai Doczkal & Ståhls, in prep., Melanostoma aff. mellinum, Paragus rarus Vujić et al., in prep. and Xanthogramma citrofasciatum B Doczkal, in prep.. Additionally, 39 species were new to Serbia, 14 of them also new to the Balkan Peninsula. A first approach to solve some taxonomic problems within three different hoverfly taxa is provided in this study. The examined material of Chrysotoxum festivum from Serbia exhibited two different phenotypes, “light” and “dark”. These phenotypes were defined by both landmark-based geometric morphometric characters of wings and other adult morphological characters (width of face, width of black stripe on face, frons pruinosity, colour of hairs on mesonotum and scutellum, width of stripes on terga 2 and 3, etc). The presented results together with the sympatry of the studied phenotypes suggested the existence of at least two different taxa within the species, currently known under the name Chrysotoxum festivum. Similarly, traditional characters in adult morphology and morphometric characters of wings (size and shape) showed the existence of two well-defined phenotypes both within the species Chrysotoxum vernale (Chrysotoxum vernale and Chrysotoxum aff. vernale) and the species Melanostoma mellinum (Melanostoma mellinum and Melanostoma aff. mellinum). The zoogeographic analysis showed that most of the studied species are widespread in Europe (75,19%), and the rest of species are Central European (9,02%), Northern European (7,52%) or South European (1,5%). At European level, 118 species are thought to be unthreatened, four threatened and four with decreasing populations according to the last version of Syrph the Net, the Database of European Syrphidae. In Serbia, two of the studied species are regarded as “strictly protected“ and five as “protected“ under the Regulation on the Promulgation and Protection of the Protected and Strictly Protected Wild Species of Plants, Animals and Fungi (Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning, Serbia). The localities of Dubašnica and Malinik have the highest values for the scored diversity index (H = 3.66), followed by Vršačke planine (H=3.62) and Kopaonik (H=3.59). Bosilegrad and Tamiš have the lowest diversity values, 1.21 and 1.55 respectively, as it was expected by the low species richness and abundance of hoverflies recorded in these localities.en
dc.formatapplication/pdf
dc.languagesr (latin script)
dc.publisherУниверзитет у Новом Саду, Природно-математички факултетsr
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/Basic Research (BR or ON)/173002/RS//
dc.rightsCreative Commons
dc.sourceУниверзитет у Новом Садуsr
dc.subjectSyrphidaesr
dc.subjectSyrphidaeen
dc.subjectSyrphinaeen
dc.subjecthoverfliesen
dc.subjectdiversityen
dc.subjectSerbiaen
dc.subjecttaxonomic charactersen
dc.subjectSyrphinaesr
dc.subjectosolike muvesr
dc.subjectdiverzitetsr
dc.subjectSrbijasr
dc.subjecttaksonomski karakterisr
dc.titleTaksonomska analiza vrsta iz podfamilije Syrphinae (Diptera: Syrphidae) u Srbijisr
dc.titleTaxonomic analyses of the species from subfamily Syrphinae (Diptera: Syrphidae) from Serbiaen
dc.typeThesissr
dcterms.abstractВујић, Aнте; Раденковић, Снежана; Рајковић, Драгана; Шимић, Смиљка; Nedeljković, Zorica;


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