Uloga planinskih turističkih centara u ukupnom turizmu Srbije
Bratić, Marija M.
Faculty:University of Niš, Faculty of Science and Mathematics
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In this paper the greatest attention has been directed towards the role of the overall mountain tourism centers in Serbia. The implementation of such postulates has demanded thorough consideration of tourism development up to now, as well as contributed considerably to its further development. Perspectives of further tourism development implied concrete application of the development concept in spatial reality, that is, consideration of its further development through the prism of sustainability. This condition demanded constant reflection of three constitutive elements of sustainable development: the economical, social and ecological sustainability. The practical aim of the research is contained within: (1) the potentials for application of existing findings in defining the most important concepts, as well as identifying the changes that appeared in tourism development so far; (2) in application of the findings about the detected changes with the aim of their influence on future tourism
development. The aim of this Doctoral thesis is directed towards creating a complex mountain tourism product of Serbia. The hypothesis basically represents a clear and precise implementation of the given goal and the subject of the research of this paper. Separate hypotheses have been set regarding the geographic and touristic position of the mountain resorts. Their position has been considered regarding the main dispersive zones in Serbia, as well as regarding the main tourist movements. The special emphasis has been put on the influence of tourism regarding the demographic development and economic prosperity of the territory researched. Besides the subjects, tasks and hypotheses, methods play an important role in the research. Methods of analysis and synthesis have been used in this paper, historically-genetic method, as well as statistical and comparative methods. Method of analysis and synthesis results from the complexity of mountain ranges of Serbia; this is resulting from manifold causal connections and relations as well as the system of mutual functional relations within the surrounding geo-space, imposing the need to use the analytic method. Historically-genetic method enables consideration of the continuity of the development, and the time span of tourist development. Statistical method has been used to quantify the situation, the changes and influence on further development. Besides these two methods the cartographic method has been used as well as the field work. Based on the stated above, we conclude that the participation of the mountain ranges of Serbia in its overall tourism is satisfactory and that mountain resorts in overall touristic turnover of Serbia has its share of 45%; that Serbia has potential for the development of mountain tourism (both summer and winter) and that mountain ranges are suitable for tourists and explorers wanting to escape from the everyday life of the city into the pure nature. The drawbacks slowing down touristic development of the mountain ranges are: lack of recognition of Serbia in tourism, lack of world tourist standards, poor economic situation of the region, unfavorable age structure of the domicile population, lack of experts, insufficient protection of natural and cultural attractions as well as the lacking of local tourist development promoters.View More
Keywords:Turističko-geografska analiza; tourist and the geographic analysis