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The East Asian and the Southeast Asian economic miracle

dc.contributor.advisorJoksimović, Ljubinka
dc.creatorGajinov, Dejana
dc.date.issued2015-09-10
dc.identifier.urihttp://eteze.bg.ac.rs/application/showtheses?thesesId=2294
dc.identifier.urihttps://fedorabg.bg.ac.rs/fedora/get/o:10177/bdef:Content/download
dc.identifier.urihttp://vbs.rs/scripts/cobiss?command=DISPLAY&base=70036&RID=47507215
dc.identifier.urihttp://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/123456789/4188
dc.description.abstractBrz privredni rast azijskih novoindustrijalizovanih zemalja (NiZ), poznat kao azijsko privredno cudo, namece dva pitanja: prvo, koji faktori su doprineli takvom rastu i drugo, da li druge zemlje u razvoju (ZUR) mogu da repliciraju iste politike radi iniciranja jednako brzog rasta. Svi se slažu da su azijske NiZ zabeležile spektakularan rast, ali ne postoji saglasnost zašto su ove zemlje sasvim iznenada i neocekivano pocele da rastu tako brzo. Kao podrška razlicitim gledištima o poreklu privrednog cuda, razvijen je citav niz tzv. stilizovanih cinjenica. Medutim, sveukupno, ne postoje ni jednostavni, ni definitivni odgovori. Postoji saglasnost da ne postoji jedan jedini azijski model razvoja. Medutim, svakako postoje odredene slicnosti u pristupima razvoju Japana, zemalja Istocne Azije (IA) i zemalja Jugoistocne Azije (JIA) koje se prvenstveno duguju cinjenici da su sve ove zemlje kasnopridošlice na svetsko tržište. Teorije privrednog razvoja su posvetile relativno malu pažnju izuzetnosti azijskih NiZ. Najveci deo rasprave se zamrzao na dva polarizovana stanovišta, onom koje primat daje tržištu, odnosno onom koje primat daje državi. Dinamicki proces razvoja ovih zemalja je analiziran putem sveobuhvatnog ispitivanja ekonomskih, politickih, socijalnih i kulturoloških faktora. U tom smislu, obuhvaceni su: prvo, elementi cuda oko cijeg doprinosa nema spora, kao što su: stvaranje Istocno/Jugoistocnih azijskih regionalnih svetskih sistema, pro investiciona makroekonomska politika, politika otvorene industrijalizacije, akumulacija ljudskog kapitala, pragmatizam u sprovodenju ekonomske politike, itd; drugo, faktori uspeha koji su ostali nespomenuti, nedovoljno istraženi ili im nije dat dovoljan znacaj: americka hladnoratovska politika i trgovinski režim Pax Americana, aktivnost kineske dijaspore, dinamican proces menjanja komparativnih prednost, itd.; i konacno, komponente cuda oko cijeg doprinosa još uvek postoje kontroverze: tzv. japanski razvojni kolonijalizam, developmentalisticka država, intervencije industrijske politike, (ne)ravnomerna distribucija dohotka i bogatstva, visoke stope investicija i/ili ukupna faktorska produktivnost, spoljna trgovina, itd. Do snažne ekspanzije trgovine, investicija i drugih ekonomskih veza u okviru regiona IA je došlo bez formalnih regionalnih institucionalnih aranžmana koji su stimulisali integraciju u Evropi ili na Americkom kontinentu. Regionalna ekonomska konfiguracija i proces hvatanja prikljucka u IA se cesto obeležavaju obrascem gusaka u letu. Azijska finansijska kriza je naizgled zadala fatalni udarac tvrdnjama o superiornosti državom vodenog azijskog kapitalizma i ocekivanjima o azijskom veku. Za usporenje rasta i izvoza posle krize vecina azijskih ekonomista krivi pre razlicite ciklicne, nego strukturne faktore. Medutim, usporenje otkriva nekoliko strukturnih problema koji moraju biti rešeni ukoliko azijske NiZ žele da održe brz rast. S druge strane, finansijska kriza nije dovela do negacije opšteg ekonomskog okvira ili razvoja regiona. Kriza ne znaci da je azijsko cudo završeno. Lekcije iz azijskog iskustva se ne mogu izvuci na mehanicki nacin. Uspeh azijskih NiZ može, delom, biti povezan sa posebnim uslovima koji teško mogu da budu ponovljeni negde drugde. U bilo kom momentu vremena svaka zemlja se suocava sa jedinstvenom situacijom koja zavisi od mnoštva faktora. Sve je teže za kasnopridošlice da uhvate prikljucak zato što je svetska privreda postala kompleksnija i asimetricno meduzavisna. Uspeh azijskih NiZ ne opovrgava tendenciju pogoršanja uslova za vecinu zemalja da uhvate prikljucak sa RZ.sr
dc.description.abstractThe rapid growth of Asian newly industrialized countries, known as the Asian economic miracle, raises two questions: first, what factors have contributed to this growth, and second, whether other developing countries can replicate the same policy to initiate equally rapid growth. While everybody agrees that Asian NICs recorded spectacular growth, no one agrees why these countries are quite suddenly and unexpectedly began to grow so quickly. In support of different views on the origin of the economic miracle, a series of so-called stylized facts was developed. However, overall, there is neither a simple nor a definitive answer. There is agreement that there is no single Asian model of development. However, there are certainly some similarities in the approaches to the development of Japan, East Asian countries and Southeast Asian countries, which is primarily due to the fact that all these countries are latecomers in the world market. Theories of economic development are devoted relatively little attention to the exceptionality of Asian NICs. Much of the discussion is polarized at two opposing viewpoints, one that gives primacy to the Market, and one that gives primacy to the Government. The dynamic process of development of these countries is analyzed through a comprehensive examination of economic, political, social and cultural factors. Accordingly, the work includes: firstly, the elements of miracle around whose contribution there is no dispute, such as: the creation of the East / South East Asian regional world-systems, pro-investment macroeconomic policy, policy of open industrialization, human capital accumulation, pragmatism in the implementation of economic policy, etc; secondly, the factors of success that remain unmentioned, not fully investigated or without satisfactory importance: American Cold War policy and trade regime Pax Americana, the activity of the Chinese diaspora, dynamic process of changing comparative advantages, etc; and finally, components of miracle whose contributions are still controversial: the so-called Japanese developmental colonialism, developmentalist state, industrial policy interventions, (in)equal income and wealth distribution, high investment rates and / or total factor productivity, foreign trade, etc. The rapid expansion of trade, investment and other economic ties within the East Asia region is reached with no formal regional institutional arrangements that stimulated integration in Europe or in the Americas. Regional economic configuration and catching-up process of the East Asia are often depicted by flying-wild-geese pattern. The Asian financial crisis was seemingly a fatal blow to the claims of the superiority of state-led Asian capitalism and expectations about the Asian century. For slowing growth and exports rates after the crisis, most Asian economists rather blame various cyclical than structural factors. However, slowing reveals several structural problems that must be solved if the Asian NICs want to maintain rapid growth. On the other hand, the financial crisis did not lead to the negation of the general economic framework and development of the region. The crisis does not mean that the Asian miracle is over. Lessons from the Asian experience can not be drawn mechanically. The success of the Asian NICs may, in part, be associated with particular conditions that can hardly be replicated elsewhere. At any moment in time, each country is faced with a unique situation that depends on many factors. It’s getting harder for latecomers to catch up because the world economy has become more complex and asymmetrically interdependent. The success of the Asian NICs does not deny the tendency of worsening conditions for most countries to catch up with the developed countries.en
dc.formatapplication/pdf
dc.languagesr
dc.publisherУниверзитет у Београду, Економски факултетsr
dc.rightsAutorstvo-Nekomercijalno 3.0 Srbija (CC BY-NC 3.0)
dc.sourceУниверзитет у Београдуsr
dc.subjectIstocna Azija, privredni razvoj, novoindustrijalizovane zemlje, azijski regionalni svetski sistemi, državna intervencija, developmentalisticka država, azijska izvozna lestvica, otvoreni regionalizam, strateška integracija, japansko cudo, obrazac gusakasr
dc.subjectEast Asia, economic development, newly industrialized countries, Asian regional worldsystem, government intervention, developmental state, Asian export ladder, open regionalism, strategic integration, Japanese miracle, flying-wild-geese patternen
dc.titlePrivredno čudo zemalja istočne i jugoistočne Azijesr
dc.titleThe East Asian and the Southeast Asian economic miracleen
dc.typeThesis
dcterms.abstractЈоксимовић, Љубинка; Гајинов, Дејана; Привредно чудо земаља источне и југоисточне Aзије; Привредно чудо земаља источне и југоисточне Aзије;


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