Značaj magnetne rezonance u dijagnostici kongenitalnih malformacija mozga
Value of magnetic resonance imaging in diagnosis of congenital malformations of the brain
Faculty:University of Niš, Faculty of Medicine
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Congenital malformations of the brain are important cause of preterm newborns, children’s morbidity and mortality. The most common presentation of brain congenital malformations is developmental delay, mental retardation and epilepsy which are the main indications for neuroimaging exploration. MRI is radiological modality of choice for examination and diagnosis of the brain congenital malformations. Compromise between high-quality MR scans in pediatric neuroradiology and duration of MR examination is achieved through application of specific MR protocols which depend on child’s age and pathological findings. Based on the results, MRI protocols are proposed for optimal exploration of endocranial structures in pediatric patients and made possible to appropriately classify congenital malformations of the brain for further clinical evaluation, course and prognosis illness.