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Influence of daidzein supplementation to sows diet on growth and development of muscle tissue in the progeny

dc.contributor.advisorVitorović, Duško
dc.contributor.otherPetrović, Milica
dc.contributor.otherUšćebrka, Gordana
dc.contributor.otherPoleksić, Vesna
dc.contributor.otherBlagojević, Zdenka
dc.creatorAdamović, Ivana
dc.date.accessioned2016-01-05T12:09:05Z
dc.date.available2016-01-05T12:09:05Z
dc.date.available2020-07-03T08:59:18Z
dc.date.issued2013-06-03
dc.identifier.urihttp://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/handle/123456789/2558
dc.identifier.urihttp://eteze.bg.ac.rs/application/showtheses?thesesId=847
dc.identifier.urihttps://fedorabg.bg.ac.rs/fedora/get/o:7212/bdef:Content/download
dc.identifier.urihttp://vbs.rs/scripts/cobiss?command=DISPLAY&base=70036&RID=44815119
dc.description.abstractCilj rada je bio da se ispitaju efekti dodavanja izoflavona daidzeina u hranu suprasnih krmača tokom kasne faze suprasnosti, na porast telesne mase, morfološke i mikroskopske osobine mišića m semitendinosus, kod novorđene prasadi i tovljenika na kraju tova. Takođe, ispitivan je uticaj veličine legla na ove osobine kako kod prasadi tako i kod tovljenika, i uticaj pola kod životinja na kraju tova. Disertacija je sprovedena u dva zasebna eksperimenta. U Eksperimentu 1, krmače su hranjene smešom u koju je bila uključena sojina sačma, a krmače iz ogledne grupe su od 85-og dana suprasnosti dobijale sintetički daidzein u količini 8 mg/kg hraniva. U Eksperimentu 2, krmače su hranjene smešom koja nije sadržala soju, a ogledna grupa je od 85-og dana suprasnosti dobijala u hrani sintetički daidzein u količini 1 mg/kg telesne mase. Dobijeni rezultati su pokazali da nije došlo do statistički značajnog uticaja daidzeina na povećanje postnatalnog porasta telesne mase i morfoloških osobina mišića m. semitendinosus, kako kod novorođene prasadi tako ni kod tovljenika na kraju tova. Tretman krmača daidzeinom, u toku kasne faze suprasnosti, imao je mali ali ne statistički značajan uticaj na strukturu mišića m. semitendinosus, kod novorođene prasadi, izražen kroz povećanje ukupnog broja vlakana, broj primarnih vlakana i odnos sekundarna:primarna vlakna. Veličina legla, kroz inverzan odnos sa masom prasadi pri rođenju, imala je značajan uticaj na strukturu mišića m semitendinosus, kod prasadi. Tako su prasad iz malih legala imala statistički značajno veći ukupan broj mišićnih vlakana kao i broj primarnih i sekundarnih vlakana. Kod tovljenika iz Eksperimenta 1, nije ispoljena značajna promena broja, procentualne zastupljenosti i površine STO, FTO i FTG vlakana, pod uticajem daidzeina. Nasuprot tome, kod tovljenika iz Eksperimenta 2 (krmače hranjene obrocima bez soje), dodavanje daidzeina je dovelo do smanjenja % FTO (za 3,5%) a povećanja % udela FTG vlakana (za 5%). Prosečan broj jedara po jednom mišićnom vlaknu, kod tovljenika, nije bio promenjen pod uticajem daidzeina. Konstatovan je trend smanjenja broja jedara sa smanjenjem površine vlakna. Pol ispitivan kod tovljenika kao jedini faktor, ili u interakciji sa tretmanom, ispoljio je uticaj na telesnu masu, morfološke osobine m. semitendinosus, ukupan broj vlakana i zastupljenost pojedinih tipova vlakana u mišiću...sr
dc.description.abstractThe aim of this work was to investigate the effects of isoflavone daidzein supplementation to sows diet during late gestation on body weight, morphological and histological characteristics of m. semitendinosus in newborn piglets and slaughter pigs. Also, the influence of litter size on these characteristics in newborn piglets and slaughter pigs, and the ifluence of gender in slaughter pigs were investigated. The investigation was conducted in two separate experiments. In Experiment 1, sows were fed standard feed which included soy meal. Sows from experimental group were supplemented with 8 mg of synthetic daidzein per kg of feed and day. In Experiment 2, feed of sows did not contain soy, and experimental group of sows was supplemented with 1mg of synthetic daidzein per kg of body weight. The obtained results showed that daidzein supplementation did not influence the increase of body weight and morphological characteristics of m. semitendinosus, neither in newborn piglets nor in slaughter pigs. Treatment of sows with daidzein during late gestation had a minor, but not statistically significant influence on m. semitendinosus structure in newborn piglets, expressed as an increase of total muscle fiber number, number of primary fibers and secondary:primary ratio. Litter size, through its inverse relationship with birth weight, had significant influence on m. semitendinosus structure in newborn piglets. Small littter piglets had significantly higher total number of muscle fibers, number of primary and number of secondary fibers. Daidzein supplementation to sows did not influence muscle fiber type distribution and area of STO, FTO and FTG fibers in progeny at slaughter in Experiment 1. Conversely, in Experiment 2, daidzein supplementation to sows caused significant decrease of FTO percentage (for 3,5%) and increase of FTG percentage (for 5%). Number of nuclei per muscle fiber was not changed in slaughter pigs under daidzein treatment. It was found that number of nuclei per muscle fiber tends to decrease with decrease of muscle fiber cross sectional area. The influence of gender as the only factor, or in interaction with treatment, was detected for body weight, morphological characterisctics of m. semitendinosus, total number of muscle fibers and fiber type distribution in muscle of slaughter pigs...en
dc.formatapplication/pdf
dc.languagesr
dc.publisherУниверзитет у Београду, Пољопривредни факултетsr
dc.rightsopenAccessen
dc.sourceУниверзитет у Београдуsr
dc.subjectporast mišićasr
dc.subjectmuscle growthen
dc.subjectstruktura mišićnog tkivasr
dc.subjectmišićna vlaknasr
dc.subjectdaidzeinsr
dc.subjectsvinjesr
dc.subjectstructure of muscle tissueen
dc.subjectmuscle fibersen
dc.subjectdaidzeinen
dc.subjectpigen
dc.titleUticaj dodavanja daidzeina u hranu suprasnih krmača na rast i razvoj mišićnog tkiva potomstvasr
dc.titleInfluence of daidzein supplementation to sows diet on growth and development of muscle tissue in the progenyen
dc.typedoctoralThesis
dc.rights.licenseBY-ND
dcterms.abstractВиторовић, Душко; Благојевић, Зденка; Петровић, Милица; Полексић, Весна; Ушћебрка, Гордана; Aдамовић, Ивана; Утицај додавања даидзеина у храну супрасних крмача на раст и развој мишићног ткива потомства; Утицај додавања даидзеина у храну супрасних крмача на раст и развој мишићног ткива потомства;
dc.identifier.fulltexthttp://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/bitstream/id/12541/Disertacija.pdf


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