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The Effect of the Osmotic DehydrationProcess on Mass Transfer and Pork MeatQuality

dc.contributor.advisorLević, Ljubinko
dc.contributor.otherDžinić, Natalija
dc.contributor.otherKarlović, Elvira
dc.contributor.otherPezo, Lato
dc.contributor.otherLević, Ljubinko
dc.creatorФилиповић, Владимир
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-29T11:20:05Z
dc.date.available2015-12-29T11:20:05Z
dc.date.issued2013-05-23
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.cris.uns.ac.rs/DownloadFileServlet/DisertacijaDoktorat%20V.Filipovic.pdf?controlNumber=(BISIS)83231&fileName=Doktorat%20V.Filipovic.pdf&id=562&source=NaRDuS&language=srsr
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.cris.uns.ac.rs/record.jsf?recordId=83231&source=NaRDuS&language=srsr
dc.identifier.urihttp://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/123456789/1836
dc.descriptionIspitivan je proces osmotske dehidratacije mesa svinja u tri osmotska rastvora (vodeni rastvor natrijum hlorida i saharoze, kombinacija vodenog rastvora natrijum hlorida i saharoze i melase i melasa šećerne repe) različitih koncentracija, na tri temperature (20°C, 35°C i 50°C) i pri tri vremena trajanja procesa (1, 3 i 5h). Mereni i računati odzivi procesa osmotske dehidratacije bili su: sadržaj suve materije, gubitak vode, prirast suve materije, indeks efiksanosti procesa, vrednost aktivnosti vode. Rezultati ispitivanja pokazuju da povećanje tehnoloških parametara temperature i vremena procesa, kao i koncentracije osmotskih rastvora dovode do intenziviranja prenosa mase u procesu i povećanja vrednosti odzivnih parametara procesa, u oba slučaja, istostrujne i protivstrujne osmotske dehidratacije. Na osnovu dobijenih rezultata razvijeni su modeli zavisnosti odziva procesa od primenjenih tehnoloških parametara za istostrujne i protivstrujne procese osmotske dehidratacije. “Score” analizom odreĎene su vrednosti tehnoloških parametara koje su za rezultat dale optimalnu efiksanost procesa. U radu je ispitan enegetski bilans procesa osmotske dehidratacije i uporeĎen sa konvektivnim sušenjem, gde su se kao energentski najefikasniji pokazali procesi na temperaturi od 20°C. Karakteristike osmotski dehidriranog svinjskog mesa su pokazale da dolazi do poboljšanja mikrobiološkog, hemijskog i nutritivnog profila mesa nakon procesa, kao i promene boje i teksture, gde je melasa šećerne repe kao osmotski rastvor, iskazala najbolje uticaje na promene karakteristika dehidiranog mesa. Na osnovu svih ispitanih uticaja variranih parametara kao optimalni parametri procesa mogu da se definišu: protivstrujni proces, u trajanju od 5 časova na temperaturi od 20°C, u melasi kao osmotskom rastvoru. Ovakav proces dovodi do sveukupnog poboljšanja karakteristika svinjskog mesa uvodeći nutritivna poboljšanja iz hemijskog sastava melase u ljudsku ishranu.sr
dc.descriptionProcess of osmotic dehydration of pork meat in three different osmotic solutions (sodium chloride and sucrose dissolved in water, mixture of sodium chloride, sucrose dissolved in water and molasses and sugar beet molasses) of different concentrations, at three temperatures (20°C, 35°C & 50°C) and three different times of duration of the process (1, 3 & 5h) was investigated. Measured and calculated responses of the osmotic dehydration process were: dry matter content, water loss, solid gain, dehydration efficiency index and value of water activity. The results showed that the increase of technological parameters: time and temperature of the process, as well as the concentration of the osmotic solutions led to the intensified mass transfer in the process and increased values of process responses, in either co-counter or current processes of osmotic solutions. Based on obtained results mathematical models of dependence of process responses from applied technological parameters for co- and counter-current processes of osmotic dehydrations were developed. By the means of “Score” analyses the values of technological parameters which produced optimal efficiency of the process were calculated. In this research process energy balance was investigated by comparison to the convective drying, where the highest energy efficiency was determined in the processes at the temperature of 20°C. Characteristics of osmo-dehydrated pork meat were also investigated, pointing at the improvement of microbiological, chemical and nutritive profile of the meat after the process, as well as the change of color and texture, where sugar beet molasses, as an osmotic solution, had shown the best effects on changes of dehydrated meat characteristics. Based on all investigated effects of varied parameters, the optimal process parameters can be defined as: counter-current process, of 5 hours duration, at 20°C, in molasses as an osmotic solution. Process like that leads to the total improvement of pork meat characteristics introducing nutritive benefit from molasses chemical composition into human nutrition.en
dc.formatapplication/pdf
dc.languagesr (latin script)
dc.publisherУниверзитет у Новом Саду, Технолошки факултетsr
dc.rightsCreative Commons
dc.sourceУниверзитет у Новом Садуsr
dc.subjectOsmotska dehidratacijasr
dc.subjectOsmotic dehydrationen
dc.subjectpork meaten
dc.subjectsugar beetmolassesen
dc.subjectmass transferen
dc.subjectenergy efficiencyen
dc.subjectmeso svinjasr
dc.subjectmelasašećerne repesr
dc.subjectprenos masesr
dc.subjectenergetska efikasnostsr
dc.titleUticaj procesa osmotske dehidratacije naprenos mase i kvalitet mesa svinjasr
dc.titleThe Effect of the Osmotic DehydrationProcess on Mass Transfer and Pork MeatQualityen
dc.typeDoktorska disertacijasr
dcterms.abstractЛевић Љубинко; Левић Љубинко; Пезо Лато; Карловић Елвира; Джинић Наталија; Filipović Vladimir; Утицај процеса осмотске дехидратације напренос масе и квалитет меса свиња; Утицај процеса осмотске дехидратације напренос масе и квалитет меса свиња;


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