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Physical therapy with Low-Level Laser Therapy in subacute low back pain syndrome

dc.contributor.advisorLukač, Damir
dc.contributor.otherBobić, Branislav
dc.contributor.otherMikov, Aleksandra
dc.contributor.otherTomašević-Todorović, Snežana
dc.contributor.otherLukač, Damir
dc.contributor.otherGrujić, Nikola
dc.creatorFilipov, Predrag
dc.date.accessioned2019-07-18T12:48:04Z
dc.date.available2019-07-18T12:48:04Z
dc.date.issued2019-06-14
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.cris.uns.ac.rs/DownloadFileServlet/Disertacija155470923068960.pdf?controlNumber=(BISIS)110579&fileName=155470923068960.pdf&id=12757&source=NaRDuS&language=srsr
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dc.identifier.urihttps://www.cris.uns.ac.rs/DownloadFileServlet/IzvestajKomisije155470924216823.pdf?controlNumber=(BISIS)110579&fileName=155470924216823.pdf&id=12758&source=NaRDuS&language=srsr
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dc.identifier.urihttp://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/123456789/11242
dc.description.abstractUvod: Lumbalni bolni sindrom (LBS) podrazumeva tegobe u vidu bolova, u lumbalnom ili lumbosakralnom segmentu kičmenog stuba, sa ili bez iradijacije u donje ekstremitete, uz poremećaj funkcije umbosakralnog dela kičmenog stuba, zaštitnu mišićnu reakciju na bol (spazam) uz moguće znake senzitivnog poremećaja. Laser male snage (LMS) ima široku primenu u fizikalnoj medicini i rehabilitaciji zbog analgetskog, antiinflamatornog, antiedematoznog i biostimulativnog dejstva. Cilj rada: Glavni ciljevi su bili da se utvrdi da li fizikalna terapija primenom LMS utiče na smanjenje bola, povećanje pokretljivost lumbalne kičme, smanjenje spazma pravertebralne muskulature, kao i na smanjenje funkcionalne osnesposobljenosti u subakutnom LBS. Materijal i metode: Sprovedena je prospektivna studija na 123 pacijenata (50 muškaraca i 73 žene), različitih profesija, izabranih metodom slučajnog izbora, prosečne životne dobi 32.59±5.67 godina (ispitivana grupa 31.87±5.84, kontrolna grupa 33.31±5.45, raspon od 19-45). U studiju su uključeni ispitanici koji su prvi put doživeli lumbalni bolni sindrom koji su pregledani u Odeljenju za fizikalnu medicinu i rehabilitaciju Doma zdravlja Novi Sad. Ispitivanu grupu je činio 61 ispitanik koji su uključeni u fizikalni tretman, primenom laseroterapije i kineziterapije uz medikamentoznu terapiju. Kontrolnu grupu je činilo 62 ispitanika koji koji su uključeni u fizikalni tretman primenom kineziterapije uz medikamentoznu terapiju. Svim ispitanicima je uzeta anamneza, obavljen klinički pregled, izvršena samoprocena bola i popunjavali su upitnike. Navedeno ispitivanje je sprovedeno na početku tretmana, nakon 6 nedelje i nakon sprovedenog tretmana. Korišćeni su sledeći upitnici: vizuelna analogna skala (VAS), standardizovani upitnici za merenje funkcionalnog ishoda - The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), The Rolland&Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ) i SF-36 upitnik. Rezultati: Rezultati ukazuju da se intenzitet bola meren VAS skalom u obe ispitivane grupe značajno smanjivao tokom svih posmatranih perioda ispitivanja, pri čemu dobijena razlika između dve grupe nije statistički značajna (p=0.904). Pokretljivost lumbalne kičme u obe ispitivane grupe tokom posmatranog perioda se značajno povećala tokom svih posmatranih perioda ispitivanja, pri čemu dobijena razlika između dve grupe nije statistički značajna (p=0.798). U obe ispitivane grupe spazam paravertebralne muskulature se značajno smanjivao tokom svih posmatranih perioda ispitivanja, dok dobijena razlika između grupa nije statistički značajna (p=0.453). Funkcionalna onesposobljenost pacijenata (procenjivana smanjenjem funkcionalne onesposobljenosti ODI i RMDQ) se značajno smanjivala u obe ispitivane grupe pacijenata tokom svih posmatranih perioda ispitivanja. Dobijena razlika u skorovima procenjivana RMDQ između ispitivanih grupa pacijenata nije statistički značajna (p=0.648), kao i putem ODI skora između ispitivanih grupa (p=0.311). Procena funkcionalne onesposobljenosti putem procene kvaliteta života (SF-36), ukazuje da se kvalitet života značajno povećavao u svim ispitivanim skorovima u obe ispitivane grupe tokom svih posmatranih perioda ispitivanja. Nema razlika u funkcionalnoj onesposobljenost (SF-36), odnosno nema razlike u kvalitetu života u skorovima fizičko funkcionisanje, ograničenje zbog emocionalnih problema, socijalno funkcionisanje, mentalno zdravlje, telesni bol, energija i vitalnost, sumarni skor fizičkog i sumarni skor mentalnog zdravlja između ispitivanih grupa. Dimenzije kvaliteta života u skorovima ograničenje zbog fizičkog zdravlja je značajno bolje u kontrolnoj grupi ispitanika (p=0.028). Dimenzija kvaliteta života u skoru opšte zdravlje je značajno bolje u ispitivanoj grupi pacijenata (p=0.041). Zaključci. Primenom LMS u subakutnom LBS došlo je statistički značajnog smanjenja intenziteta bola, povećanja pokretljivosti lumbalne kičme, smanjenja spazma paravertebralne muskulature, kao i smanjenja funkcionalne onesposobljenosti. S obzirom da ne postoji koncenzus oko primene LMS, kao ni drugih metoda fizikalne terapije u subakutnom stadijumu LBS, navedeni rezultati bi mogli doprineti usvajanju kliničkih smernica, odnosno dijagnostičkih i terapijskih protokola za subakutni LBS.sr
dc.description.abstractIntroduction: Low back pain syndrome (LBP) implies pain in the lumbar or lumbosacral segment of the spine, with or without irradiation into the lower extremities, with a disorder to the function of the lumbosacral part of the spine, a protective muscular reaction to pain (spasm) and possible signs of a sensory processing disorder. Low-Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) has broad application in physical medicine and rehabilitation due to analgesic, antiinflammatory, anti-edematous and biostimulative effects. Objective: The main objective of this study was to determine whether physical therapy with a LLLT has an effect on reducing pain, increasing mobility in the lumbar spine, reducing spasms of the paravertebral muscle, as well as in reducing functional incapacity in subacute LBP. Material and methods: A prospective study was conducted on 123 patients (50 men and 73 women), of different professions, chosen through random selection, with a mean age of 32.59 ± 5.67 years (examined group 31.87 ± 5.84, control group 33.31 ± 5.45, range 19-45). The study included respondents who had experienced lumbar pain syndrome for the first time and who had been examined in the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation of the Novi Sad Health Center. The examined group consisted of 61 respondents undergoing physical treatment with the application of LLLT and kinesiotherapy with medication therapy. The control group consisted of 62 respondents undergoing physical treatment with the application of kinesiotherapy with medication therapy. All patients were subject to an anamnesis, a clinical examination, a selfassessment of pain and were required to complete questionnaires. The above study was carried out at the beginning of treatment, after 6 weeks, and after treatment was completed. The following questionnaires were used: Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), standardized questionnaires for assessing functional outcomes – The Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), The Rolland & Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ) and the SF-36 questionnaire. Results: Results indicate that pain intensity assessed using the VAS scale was significantly decreased, in both examined groups, during all observed study periods, where the difference between the two groups was not statistically significant (p = 0.904). Mobility of the lumbar spine was significantly increased, in both examined groups, during all observed study periods, where the obtained difference between the two groups was not statistically significant (p = 0.798). In both examined groups, spasm of the paravertebral musculature significantly decreased during all observed study periods, while the difference between the groups was not statistically significant (p = 0.453). Functional disability of patients (assessed by a reduction of functional disabilities of ODI and RMDQ) significantly decreased in both examined groups of patients during all observed examination periods. The obtained difference in scores assessed via the RMDQ, between the studied patient groups, was not statistically significant (p = 0.648), as well as via the ODI score between the researched groups (p = 0.311). Assessment of functional disability through the assessment of quality of life (SF-36) indicates that the quality of life increased significantly, for all examined scores in both examined groups, during all observed testing periods. There is no difference in functional disability (SF-36), that is, there is no difference in quality of life in score physical functioning, restrictions due to emotional problems, social functioning, emotional wellbeing, bodily pain, energy/vitality, physical and mental health, between the examined groups. The dimensions of quality of life in score role limitations due to physical health problems are significantly better in the control group (p = 0.028). The quality of life dimension in the general health perceptions is significantly better in the examination group (p = 0.041). Conclusions: The application of LLLT in subacute LBP resulted in a statistically significant reduction in pain intensity, increased lumbar spine mobility, decreased spasms of paravertebral musculature, and decreased functional disability. Given that there is no consensus on the use of LLLT, nor any other methods of physical therapy, during the subacute LBP, these results could contribute to the adoption of clinical guidelines, that is, diagnostic and therapeutic protocols for subacute LBP.en
dc.languagesr (latin script)
dc.publisherУниверзитет у Новом Саду, Медицински факултетsr
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs
dc.sourceУниверзитет у Новом Садуsr
dc.subjectlumbalni bolni sindrom; modaliteti fizikalne terapije; terapija laserom male snage; kvalitet života; merenje bola; istraživanja i upitnici; ishod terapijesr
dc.subjectLow Back Pain; Physical Therapy Modalities; Low-Level Light Therapy; Quality of Life; Pain Measurement; Surveys and Questionnaires; Treatment Outcomeen
dc.titleFizikalna terapija primenom lasera male snage u subakutnom lumbalnom bolnom sindromusr
dc.title.alternativePhysical therapy with Low-Level Laser Therapy in subacute low back pain syndromeen
dc.typeDoktorska disertacijasr


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